a **base fractions** is one that is written in its *simplest terms*.

a fraction is in its simplest term if there is no number that is a factor of both the numerator and the denominator.

Equivalent fractions can be found by *multiplying* both the *numerator* and the **denominator** by the *same number.*

Equivalent fractions can be reduced to a base fraction by cancelling.

to cancel a fraction, look for the *highest common factor* of the numerator and the denominator.

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