Making Ammonia - The Haber Process

Making ammonia - the haber process

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  • Created by: amy
  • Created on: 06-04-10 15:11

The Haber Process

- Produces ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen

- Reaction uses a high temperature, high pressure and a catalyst to produce a reasonable yield of ammonia in a short time.

Used to manufacture ammonia (used to make fertilisers and other chemicals).

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Nitrogen from air, Hydrogen (usually) from natural gas.

>>These sre purified and mixed in the correct proportions.

Then passed over an iron catalyst at a temperature of about 450ºC and a pressure of about 200 atmospheres.

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Gases are cooled so ammonia condenses

Liquid ammonia = removed from unreacted gases and are recycled.

Yield = less than 20%, but ammonia is produced quickly and no gases are wasted.

Conditions in Haber process - vary in different places but always chosen to produce the best yield as qickly as possible.

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NH3

Hydrogen + Nitrogen = Ammonia

Balanced equation: 3 H2 + N2 → 2 NH3

Reversible, ammonia breaks down into nitrogen and hydrogen .·. reaction does not go to completion.

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Comments

Daisy Wilson

really helpful:)

sarahish majid

am i supposed to know all this if i'm sitting foundation? :) 

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