Livestock - Waste Disposal


Types of Pollution

  • Air, land, light, noise, thermal, visual and water
    • Air pollution from crop sprayers
    • Land pollution from waste such as old tyres
    • Water pollution from pesticides
  • Sources of Farm Pollution
    • Pesticides, fertilisers, insecticides
    • Animal carcasses
    • Dry manure – bedding
    • Liquid slurry – faeces, urine
    • Parlour/dairy disinfectants
    • Waste milk – antibiotics
    • Sewage waste
    • Silage residue
    • Plastics
    • Packaging e.g., silage wrap
    • Tractor fumes/fuel/oil
  • Organic waste is either liquid slurry waste or dry manure waste
1 of 3

Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZs)

  • Some key aspects of the NVZ restriction and storage are:
    • Closed periods for spreading fertiliser/manure on arable land during wet winter months
    • Fertiliser/manure should not be spread where soil is waterlogged, frozen or flooded
    • Fertiliser/manure should not be spread on steeply sloped fields
    • Fertiliser/manure should not be spread within 10m of a watercourse
    • There should be enough on-farm storage to meet the autumn/winter closed period for slurry spreading
    • Records must be kept concerning the use of fertiliser/manure and also cropping and stocking levels
2 of 3

Inorganic Waste

  • Approx. 25,000 tonnes of packaging plastic materials are supplied to UK farms
  • Often used only once, are bulky to handle and frequently contaminated with soil and feed residues
  • Contamination with soil makes plastics more expensive to recycle
  • Biodegradability is not an option as this would detract from protective properties
3 of 3


No comments have yet been made

Similar Other resources:

See all Other resources »See all Animal Management resources »