- Small claims in the County Court
- May try criminal cases where they sit alone and decide facts and sentence.
- May hear family cases but will sit with two Magistrates.
- Must be a qualified solicitor/barrister for 5 years and Legal Executives can apply for this role.
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- Part time judges who sit mainly in the Crown Court.
- They can sit in the County Court and hear civil cases.
- They are appointed for a 5 year period.
- Only work 1 month per year and they work as solicitors or barristers for the rest of the year.
- Must have 7 years as a qualified solicitor/barrister.
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- Sit in the Crown Court and the County Court and so the majority of the work in these courts.
- In civil cases they sit alone and decide the facts and law and decide who won.
- In criminal cases they sit with a jury. The judge decides the law and sentences if found guilty.
- They must have been a qualified solicitor/barrister for 7 years
- Recorders and District Judges can apply for this role.
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High Court Judges
- Each judge in the High Court will be appointed to one of the three divisions.
- The main role is to try cases. The judge will hear evidence, decide on what the law is and make a decision on who has won. They may also decide on the amount of damages.
- They must have been a solicitor/barrister for 7 years.
- A circuit judge is appointed to this level after 2 years.
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Lord Justices of Appeal
- Hear appeals in the criminal and civil divisions of the Court of Appeal.
- In criminal cases they hear over 7,000 applications for appeals and these are dealt with by one judge however only a quarter will actually be appealed.
- Court of Appeal judges sit as a panel of 3.
- Hear 3,000 civil appeals each year.
- You have to have been a High Court Judge or 7 years as a barrister/solicitor.
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Justices of the Supreme Court
- Sit in the Supreme Court and hear appeals on important points of law.
- A case can only be appealed here if there is a point of law involved e.g. civil cases involving complex areas such as tax law.
- Any decision made here becomes a precedent for all other courts to follow.
- They must have been an advocate in higher courts for al least 15 years.
- Hold 'high judicial office' in UK for 2 years (worked as a judge in a higher court).
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