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  • Created by: jessh0ll
  • Created on: 15-05-14 09:50

input devices

something which is plugged into the computer which inputs something, for example a keyboard

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output device

something which can be plugged into the computer that gives something out, for example a speaker

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RAM

Random Access Memory

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ROM

read only memory

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Storage devices

 Stores the operating system software, application software and the user’s documents 
and data files.

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CPU

Central processing unit

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operating systems

These control and monitor the running of application software and hardware. An operating system, e.g. Windows, is responsible for saving, loading, deleting, copying and renaming.

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images

·       JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) ·       GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) ·       TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)

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Audio

·       WAV (Waveform Audio File Format) ·       MP3 (MPEG 1 Audio Layer 3) ·       AAC (Advanced Audio Coding)   

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video

·       MPEG2 (Motion Picture Experts Group 2) ·       MPEG4 (Motion Picture Experts Group 4) ·       AVI (Audio Video Interleaved)

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Document

·       DOC (Word Document)  ·       XLS (Excel Spreadsheet) ·       PDF (Portable Document Format)  

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Compiers

Converts high level programming code such as C++ into code that the computer can execute.  

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debuggers

Helps a programmer to identify ‘bugs’ in their code.

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Interpreters

Similar to a compiler, however it converts each line of code sequentially, rather than the entire code at once.

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Linkers

program that takes one or more objects generated by a compiler and combines them into a single executableprogram.

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Editors

Used to edit source code using only text.  Also has tools such as syntax highlighting to aid developers.

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