History - The Ku Klux Klan

Who was in the KKK Who they hated How many members Who was in the KKK Bible Belt George Arnwood Monley Trial Jim Crow Laws Slavery Black Codes Great Migration

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History - The Ku Klux Klan

What was the KKK?

To be in the KKK you needed to be a WASP.

  • White 
  • Anglo-Saxon
  •  Protestant 

Who did they hate?

They hated:

  • Blacks 
  • Jews 
  • New Immigrants (Polish) 
  • Catholics  

How many members did they have?

  • 1920 - 100,000 members 
  • 1925 - 5 million members
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History - The Ku Klux Klan

 Who was in the KKK?

Most were from the south as the blacks migrated to the north to get cheap labour.

  • Politicians 
  • Teachers 
  • Judges 
  • Police

Why lost interest?

  • David Stephenson (Grand Wizard)
  • Convicted of r*pe and mutilation in 1925
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History - The Ku Klux Klan

George Arnwood

  • mentally retarded black man
  • in October 1933 = accused of assault of 4 white women
  • dragged out of jail by the KKK.
  • beaten, hung and lit on fire.

Religious Fundementalism

  • Most were from the South-East of America
  • 1920 Bible Belt was introduced = Alabama, Texas, Virginia...

Monkey Trial

  • 1924 Tennessee - Butler Act
  • Illegal to teach Evolution
  • John Scopes - deliberately taught the theory of Evolution
  • Trial July 1925
  • Scopes found guilty & fined $1000
  • Disaster for Religious Fundementalism = they were trying to stifle freedom
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History - Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws 

  • 17th and 18th Century.
  • Blacks brought to USA = Slaves.
  • 1860's slavery ended - Southern States where whites were minority = introduced segregation to control black people's freedom = JIM CROW LAWS
  • Jim Crow was a 19th Century comedian who ridiculed black people.
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History - BLACK CODES

A law restricted the lives of freed black people:

  • Trains
  • Theatres
  • Cemetries
  • Hospitals
  • Telephone booths
  • Hotels, Restrooms, Taverns, Cafes
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History - The Great Migration

The Great Migration

  • 1910-1930 = many blacks went to North, i.e. New York 
  • With most employees fighting in WW1 = many companies sent agents to South to recruit workers.
  • Taking what little money they had - more than a million African Americans headed for the likes of New York, Chicago, Detroit.
  • Conditions were not much better - poor housing & poor Wages
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