history

American west

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  • Created by: Ain3
  • Created on: 01-06-08 08:41

Indians

  • great love and respect for nature
  • they believed spirits controlled the earth
  • they believed the circle is a simbol that your life is a circle from childhood to old age
  • believed in dances sun dance
  • seen while americans as a threat as they did not respect their land in the same way
  • they haunted and relied heavily on the buffalo
  • lived in tipies
  • they were soon forced into reservations as the indians lost the war but they won the battle of little bighorn
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Homesteaders

  • another name for farmers who lived on the plains
  • came from southern and eastern states
  • Wanted to move further west for land near the missisppi river
  • some went because they were poot
  • Magazines and newspapers encouraged poeple to go west

PROBLEMS

  • weather conditions -cold in winter-hot in summer
  • pierre fires -spread by winds and destroyed crops
  • grasshopper plagues
  • lack of water,houses had to be build from mud and buffalo dung-very unhygeni
  • Indians disliked them
  • no toilets -lots of illnesses

HOMESTEAD ACT(1862)

  • Encouraged homesteaders to settle on the plains
  • Gave settlers 160 acres of land for free.

TIMBER CUTLTURE ACT(1873) desert act (1877)

  • GAVE MORE LAND FOR FREE AT A LOW COST
  • THIS WAS ONLY IF THEY PLANTED TREE ON 40 ACRES OF IT .
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CATTLEMEN AND COWBOYS

CATTLEMEN - set up ranches on the plains. They owned cattle and sold beeef. they called the demand for beef in the 1880's beef bonanza

cowboys =theese are the men who worked for the cattlemen from 1867 until the 1880's was the era of the cowboys

  • The cowboys had to round all the cattle up safely to the cowtowns
  • this was a hard job and sometimes very boring and little paid but they injoyed their work.
  • had to stand gaurd at the cowtowns from russtlers wolves and indians
  • in the winter they did not have alot to do
  • drives were long and work was hard
  • they were mainly black,ex slaves,ex soilders or indians
  • usually young unmarried men

after the open ranch the life of the cowboy changed

  • no longer had to heard the cattle north
  • did odd jobs like fixing fences
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