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fats

  • made up of 3 fatty acids and glycerol
  • can be saturated or unsaturated (monounsaturated or polyunsaturated)
  • saturated fat: all carbons fulled with hydrogesna and NO double bonds
  • monounsaturated fat: ONE double bond and less hydrogens
  • polyunsaturated fat: more than one double bond and very few hydrogens
  • hydrogen saturates a fat
  • unsaturated fats are better
  • saturated=butter
  • unsaturated=oil
  • fats are sued for: insulation, protects kidneys and other organs, energy, prodcues cells
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proteins

  • functions=

growth

repair

maintenacne

hormones

antibodies

  • source of energy
  • made up of single amino acids. each containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
  • essential amino acids=hae to be in our diet
  • non essential amino acids=do not have to be in our diet becayse we make them in our bodies
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carbohydrates

  • energy
  • sugars/starches/non starch polysaccarides
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safety in exercise 1

acute conditions=severe conditions eg heart conditions

chronic conditions=less severe caused by overuse

  • most at risk: unfit and unexperienced/older people/those who exeed limit/ill health
  • 6 principles of pracitce and safety=

medical check- revel previously undiagnosed illnesses and prevent overextertion

expert advice-max benefits and min risks and advise on level and use of equpiment

correct use of monietrtin equpiment

approrite clothing and equpiment

warm up and cool down

avoid dehydration

  • approprioate clothing; allows max flexibility, maintain comfortabe body temp,protect against abrasion,keep muscles and joints warm
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safety in exercise 2

warm up: prepares for greater exertion, increases cardiacoutput and respiration, mentallyprepares, heats muscles and tendons.

importany body doesnt become dehydrated because can increase heart and breathing rate, diziness, confusion and headaches.

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barriers to exercise

  • COST
  • SKILL
  • FITNESS LEVELS
  • FACIILITY LOCATIONS
  • WORK AND FAM COMMITMENTS
  • CULTURAL ATTITDES
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EXERCISE AND FOOD PROGRAMMES

  • get advice
  • start with gentle low intensity exercise
  • gradually increase into something more demanding
  • include allllll fitnes elements
  • monitor progress
  • daily or every other day
  • possible advice on diet
  • moniter to see if successul
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