Hall and Player- Forensic evidence

  • Created by: Tia Neary
  • Created on: 23-03-23 20:03

Hall and Player- Forensic evidence

  • Background-Charlton 2010 identified the main motives of fingerprint analysts; Expression of satisfaction with their job, skills, successful, and crime solving.
  • Aims-  1.To see if trained fingerprint experts are affected by the emotional context of a case. 2. To see if the written report supplied with fingerprint would affect an expert’s interpretation
  • Method:Field experiment with an Independent measures design, random allocation: 1.Low emotional context – allegation of forgery (victimless crime) 2. High emotional context – allegation of murder.
  • Sample- Self-selecting sample of 70 fingerprint experts all working for Met Police Fingerprint Bureau 
  • Procedure-Fingerprint (right forefinger) from a volunteer inked onto paper and scanned onto a £50 note,Background of note obscured the ridge detail - fingerprint=poor quality,Participants provided with an envelope with one of the test marks, a 10-print fingerprint form, and a sheet of paper telling them that the print was of the right forefinger, Ps asked to consider if the print was a match / not a match / insufficient detail to decide, Ps asked if they had referred to the crime scene report and if it had affected their analysis.
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Hall and Player- Forensic evidence

  • Results- 57/70 read the crime scene examination report prior to examining the prints. Thirty of these were from the high-context scenario group
  • 52% of the 30 Ps from the ‘high emotional context’ scenario who read the crime scene report said they were affected by it. Significantly different from the 6% in the other group
  • No significant difference between the decisions made by the 2 groups
  • No significant difference between the 2 groups as to whether the experts would feel confident in presenting the evidence in court.
  • Conclusions- Emotional context has no effect on the experts’ final opinions about a fingerprint match
  • Fingerprint experts are able to deal with the fingerprint analysis in a non-emotional manner
  • Further research needed e.g. length of service and type of crime.
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