Grammer

Gender Tips: Masculine or Feminine

gender tips

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Negatives

negatives

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Direct Object Pronouns

direct object pronouns

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Adjectives

adjectives - describing nouns

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Adjectives Cont.

adjectives

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Prepositions

prepositions

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Present Tense

present tense

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Perfect Tense

perfect tense

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Perfect Tense Cont.

perfect tense

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Imperfect Tense

imperfect tense

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Pluperfect Tense

pluperfect tense

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Near Future Tense

near future tense

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Future Tense

future tense

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Conditional Tense

conditional tense

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Opinions

opinions

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Superlatives & Comparatives

superlatives

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Adverbs: Describing verbs

adverbs

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Definitie Article

Look at the four ways of saying ‘to the’:

  • Je vaisau cinéma.
    I am going to the cinema.
  • Je vais à la mairie.
    I am going to the town hall.
  • Je vais à l’université.
    I am going to the university.
  • Je vais aux Etats-Unis.
    I am going to the USA.

Look at the four ways of saying ‘of the’:

  • La fille du professeur
    the teacher’s daughter
  • Le fils de la sécrétare
    the secretary’s son
  • Le chapeau de l’homme
    the man’s hat
  • Les parents des jeunes
    the young people’s parents
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Partitive Article

Du is used before masculine singular nouns: du vin some wine

De la is used before feminine singular nouns: de la farine some flour

De l’ is used before singular nouns beginning with a vowel: de l’eau some water

Des is used before all plural nouns: des amis some friends

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Subject Pronouns

The subject of a verb is the person or thing which performs the action of that verb:

  • Tom travaille - Tom is working.  
  • Mes parents habitent en Espagne - My parents live in Spain.  
  • La voiture ne veut pas démarrer - The car won't start.

Subject pronouns replace this person or thing:

  • Il travaille - He is working.  
  • Ils habitent en Espagne - They live in Spain.
  • Elle ne veut pas démarrer - It won't start.
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