Impact of great depresssion
Lots of germans lost their jobs
Some were unable to pay rent and were sent out on the street
The death of Stresemann also added to the crisis
Germany relied on the USA but then they went into depression aswell and didnt loan any money or help
The economic crisis created problems for the Weimar government and many people view this as the death of the death of the weimar.
Why and who voted for the Nazis?
Working class- suffered greatly in depression and Hitler promised food and jobs
Middle class- Affected lots by hyper-inflation and depression. Thought Nazis would help economy, some hated communism and Hitler promised to destroy it.
Industrialists and businessmen- they gave nazis miney to fund rallies and campaigns, Hitler said he'd look out for their interest, they also hated communism
Nationalists- Hitler promised to make Germany strong again, Hitler said he would tear up the treaty and take back land, some even liked him for being racist.
Methods used by the Nazis to gain power
Reichstag fire- One week before the president election, on the 27 Feb, the Reichstag building was set on fire and the Nazis arrested Marinus Van Der Lubbe (a dutch communist) It was a great opportunity for Hitler and Goebbels to exploit. They claimed communists were about to stage a takeover.
Enabling act-The Enabling Act was passed by Germany's Reichstag and signed by President Paul von Hindenburg on March 23, 1933. It was the second major step, after the Reichstag Fire Decree, through which Chancellor Adolf Hitler legally obtained plenary powers and became Führer. The Act granted the Cabinet the authority to enact laws without the participation of the Reichstag for four years.
Night of the long knifes- (June 30, 1934) Purge of Nazi leaders by Adolf Hitler. Fearing that the paramilitary SA had become too powerful, Hitler ordered his elite **guards to murder the organization's leaders, including Ernst Röhm. Also killed that night were hundreds of other perceived opponents of Hitler, including Kurt von Schleicher and Gregor Strasser.
Propaganda, use of SA, speeches, rallies, etc...
Hitler often spoke to groups of people (he was a very good public speaker)
He wrote Mein Kamph (in which he told all his program to the future, that could be positively taken as if he was opened to the people)
Firstly he worked his way up in the Nazi party. Then he made some changes to make the party appeal to everyone. It was know as something like "The Democratic, Socialist, Republican, christian Party"
He used the Swarstica, before Hitler it was a regognised Christian symbol.
He used the SA to scare people.
He promised lots of stuff in propaganda and he used red (strong colour)