GCSE P1b Refraction and Diffraction

GCSE P1b Refraction and Diffraction

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  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 04-12-11 19:48

Diffraction

1. All waves spread out when they pass through a gap or an obstacle

2. The narrower the gap or the longer the wave, the more the wave spreads out.

3. Narrow gap = a gap almost the same size as the wave

4. Example: light can be diffracted, but as the wave length is small the gap has to be small as well.

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Refraction

1. When a wave crosses the boundary between two substances (e.g glass -> air) it changes direction.

2. Waves are only refracted when they enter the new substance at an angle.

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