Main assumption of Psychodynamic
All behaviour can be explained by the inner conflicts of the mind.
This approach empathises the influence of the unconcious mind, the structure of personalities, and the effect of our childhood experiences.
The Iceberg Analogy
Our mind is split into 3 different parts;
Concious, Preconcious and Unconcious.
Concious- What we are thinking about at that paticular moment. Information which we are aware of and can access at any time.
Preconcious- This part of our mind holds onto information untill it becomes too much of a danger to the concious thoughts. e.g. the memory of a traumatic event would only stay here for a short time till its transfered to the unconcious mind.
Unconcious- The largest part of the mind which holds the thoughts the concious mind cannot deal with. It's said that this part of the mind makes us who we are despite us not been aware of the thoughts which are here.
The adult personality consists of 3 sections;
The ID, Superego and Ego.
The ID (impulsive desire) is based around our own wants and needs. This is present from birth.
The Ego which is based around morals begins to develop later and controls the desires of the ID.
The Superego is a mixture of the ego and ID. This is the part which controls what we actually do in a situation.
ID + Ego = Superego.