- Created by: Saf54
- Created on: 13-02-19 18:00
weakness of research support
-Psychologists claim that women universally prefer high status and well resourced men.
-This claim came from studies that were carried out on undergraduate students.
-These women were expected to achieve a Hugh education status so these preferences could have come from similar interests and prospects.
-Research into evolutionary explanations lacks validity as it measures expressed partner preferences instead of real ones.
-It uses a retrospective approach where it could have been evolutionary adaptive for our ancestors but doesn’t match now.
Evolutionary explanations ignore social and cultur
-Western societies have changed in terms of women’s independence and gender equality.
-Women in more modern western societies aren’t always looking for men with resources.
-Kasser & Sharma (1999) analysed 37 cultures and found that women valued men with resources if their access to education and the workplace was limited.
-This makes evolutionary explanations limited as it only explains mate choice in terms of evolutionary adaptiveness ignoring social norms and culture.
Mate choice can be more complicated
-Penton Voak et al (1999) suggests females preferences change across the menstrual cycle.
-Females prefer a partner with strongly expressed masculine features during their fertile period but showed more preference to a guy with more feminised features as a long term mate.
-This could occur as masculine features represent a healthier immune system which would be advantageous to offspring.
-Slightly feminised features suggest kindness and parental cooperation which are desirable traits in a long term partner.
-Argue strategies for choosing a mate are down to genetic inheritance and wanting reproductive success.
-Individual differences in partners choice plays a huge role.
-Fails to account for homosexual relationship where it doesn’t result in reproductive success so has no evolutionary advantage.
-There’s also determinism as they claim choice strategies are down to gender and that humans are attracted to people who will provide/care for offspring.
Evolutionary explanations has alpha bias
-Emphasises the difference between what male and females look for in a partner (alpha bias)
-You could argue that males and females look for similar characteristics such as loyalty and kindness which isn’t reported in the research.