Ethics 1

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Roles of men and women in the family

Genesis:  Tells the story of The Fall and explains how Eve was tricked into eating the apple

John:  Jesus treated a Samaritan woman as his equal

Women were traditionally excluded from the church

Roman Catholics -> women cannot be ordained

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Marriage and divorce

John: Jesus’ first miracle was performed at a wedding. He turned water into wine

Mark: Jesus states that divorce is wrong

Rings -> circle represents eternity and unending love

Leviticus: “You must not have sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman; it is a detestable act”

1 Corinthians: Lists those who “will not inherit the Kingdom of God” -> includes passive homosexual partners and practicing homosexuals

In Malachi, God says “I hate divorce” 

1981, Church of England said people could remarry

 

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Sexual relationships and contraception

1 Corinthians: St Paul suggests celibacy but says that sex is better within marriage than if done casually

Matthew: Jesus says adultery is wrong; thinking lustfully about someone is just as bad

Purpose of sex is to create new life -> Catholic Church doesn’t allow contraception

Some -> life is sacred but world overpopulated, contraception should be allowed

 

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Attitudes to abortion

Exodus, 10 Commandments: “Thou shalt not kill”

said to Jeremiah: “Before you were born I chose you and set you apart”

Luke: “Are not sparrows five for tuppence?  Yet not one of them is overlooked by God…You are worth more than sparrows”

Genesis: “God created man in his own image”

Catholic -> life begins from conception, abortion is always wrong

Methodist -> can be lesser of 2 evils, if child would be born with incurable disease

Non-religious -> foetus not person until later development (22 weeks), up to woman (her own body)

 

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Attitudes to fertility treatment

Exodus, 10 Commandments: “Thou shalt not kill”

Genesis: “God created man in his own image”

Psalms: “All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to me”

Catholic -> life begins at conception, IVF produces spare embryos, AID form of adultery, parenthood divine gift, cloning destroys fertilised eggs, against Sanctity of Life

 

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Attitudes to euthanasia and suicide

Exodus, 10 Commandments: “Thou shalt not kill”

Sanctity of Life: All life is sacred

1 Corinthians: “Surely you know that you are God’s temple, where the Spirit of God dwells”

1 Corinthians: “The body is a temple of the Holy Spirit”

1961 Suicide Act: Legal to kill yourself, illegal to assist in a suicide

Non-Christian -> ends someone’s suffering, dignity, terminal illness

 

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Using animals in medical research

Proverbs: “A righteous man is merciful to the life of his beasts” (stewardship)

Psalms: “Thou make him master over all thy creatures; thou have put everything under his feet” (dominion)

Catholic -> animal testing ok if not hurt unnecessarily

Quakers -> opposed for trivial reasons (makeup)

 

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