Ecology

Keywords

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Ecology

 

DEFINE

ECOLOGY

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Ecology

 

 

 

the study of the interaction of organisms with their environment

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Environment

 

 

DEFINE

ENVIRONMENT

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Environment

 

 

 

an organism's surroundings, which are affected by biotic and abiotic factors

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Biotic/Abiotic Components

 

DEFINE

BIOTIC/ABIOTIC COMPONENTS

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Biotic/Abiotic Components

 

 

biotic: living components of an environment - such as the effect of competition with other animals/plants on an organism

abiotic: non-living components of an environment - such as the effect of the climate on an organism

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Biosphere

 

 

DEFINE

BIOSPHERE

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Biosphere

 

 

 

a small area of the Earth and it's atmosphere in which all living organisms can survive - this extends to a few metres below the ground, and a few kilometres into the atmosphere

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Population

 

 

DEFINE

POPULATION

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Population

 

 

 

a group of organisms of the same species which can interbreed in a habitat

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Community

 

 

  DEFINE

COMMUNITY

 

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Community

 

 

 

all the different populations of species interacting and living in a habitat

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Ecosystem

 

 

DEFINE

ECOSYSTEM

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Ecosystem

 

 

 

a community of living organisms and the abiotic factors which affect them

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Habitat

 

 

DEFINE

HABITAT

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Habitat

 

 

 

the place where an organism lives

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Microhabitat

 

 

DEFINE

MICROHABITAT

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Microhabitat

 

 

 

a habitat within a larger habitat - for example, a under a log in a forest

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Niche

 

 

DEFINE

NICHE

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Niche

 

 

 

an organism's role, function or position in an ecosystem.

*No two species can occupy the same niche

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Biome

 

 

DEFINE

BIOME

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Biome

 

 

 

areas which have similar climactic conditions, therefore giving rise to similar plants and animal species

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Comments

Lucy Jane

these are amazing, thank you :)

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