Definitions of Abnormality

3 definitions

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  • Created by: Matt Dale
  • Created on: 02-06-11 12:13

Deviation from social norms

Definition: Deviation from social norms

Explanation: All societies have their standards, deviating away from them may be seen as abnormal. Which may be behaviour which is deemed undesirable.

A02:
Susceptible to abuse:
times have changed, and so have social norms. e.g. being homosexual is now acceptable, 50 years ago it was not
Cultural relativism: Diagnosis may be different between various cultures, therefore abnormality cannot be generalized using this definition  
Deviance is related to context and degree: .e.g. a person wearing nothing at a beach is acceptable, in a classroom it would not be 

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Failure to function adequately

Definition: Failure to function adequately 

Explanation: Basically abnormality can be judged in terms of a persons ability to cope

A02:
Who judges:
Somebody needs to decide that they cannot cope, on the other hand the person themselves may not realise they are not coping 
Cultural relativism: Diagnosis may be different between various cultures, therefore abnormality cannot be generalized using this definition  
Deviance is related to context and degree: .e.g. a person wearing nothing at a beach is acceptable, in a classroom it would not be 

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Deviation from ideal mental health

Definition: Deviation from ideal mental health

Explanation: Jahodas 6 criteria that a person must strive for to be able to have ideal mental health

A02:
Who can acheive all the criteria: Using the 6 criteria, most people would be viewed as abnormal
Cultural relativism: Diagnosis may be different between various cultures, therefore abnormality cannot be generalized using this definition  
 


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