an act against the will of God.
rules made by parliment and enforceable by the courts.
the idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing a crime.
the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.
restore to normal life.
the idea that punishments should try and change criminals so they will not commit crimes again.
due allocation of punishment and reward.
the maintenance of what is right.
the death penalty for a crime or offence.
an act against the law.
the act of judging people and their actions.