Crime and Punishment

All the definitions you need to know.

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  • Created by: Serena
  • Created on: 12-04-11 14:20

Crime and Punishment

Crime- An act against the law.

Justice- Due allocation of reward and punishment, the matinence of what is right.

Law- Rules made by parliment and enforceble by the courts.

Sin- An act against the will of god.

Responsibililty- Being resposible for one's action. 

Deterrence- The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off commiting crime.

Rehabilitation- To restore to normal life.

Reform- The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so they won't be offended.

Retribution- The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.

Hadith- What the prophet muhammad says and what the early muslims say.

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Conservation- Protecting and preserving natural resources and the enviroment.

Natural resources- Naturally occurring materials such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans.

Creation- The act of creating the universe of the universes which has been created.

Envioment- The surrounding in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live.

Stewardship- Looking after something so that it can be passed on to the next generation.

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Medical Treatment

Embryo- A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.

Infertility- Not being able to have children.

Organ Transplantation- Is once you are no longer alive but your organs are, they can transfer them to someone who needs them. 

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Peace and Conflict

United Nations- An international body set up to promote world peaace and cooperation.

Reconciliation- Bringing people together who are opposed to eachother.

World peace- The ending of war throughout the whole world.

Conflict resolution- Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.

Just war theory- A war that is fought for the right reasons and in a right way.

Pacifism- The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

Absolute pacifism- No engagement in military activity at all.

Relative/selective pacifism- No engagement in military acitivity in certain circumstances.

Nuclear pacifism- No use of nuclear weapons. 

Bullying- Intimidating/ frightening people weaker than you.

Respect- Treating a person or their feelings with consideration.

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Religious Conflict

Fundamentalist- Is the literal word of god. So have to follow what is said.

Conscience- An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.

Concientious objector- This is when christians follow their conscience and believe fighting in wars to be wrong.

Situation ethics- The idea that christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.

Social change- The way in which society has changed and is changing lans also the possibility of change in the future.

Human rights- The rights and freedom to which everyone is entitles.

Decalogue- The ten commandments

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