Crime and Punishment
Crime- An act against the law.
Justice- Due allocation of reward and punishment, the matinence of what is right.
Law- Rules made by parliment and enforceble by the courts.
Sin- An act against the will of god.
Responsibililty- Being resposible for one's action.
Deterrence- The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off commiting crime.
Rehabilitation- To restore to normal life.
Reform- The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so they won't be offended.
Retribution- The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.
Hadith- What the prophet muhammad says and what the early muslims say.
Conservation- Protecting and preserving natural resources and the enviroment.
Natural resources- Naturally occurring materials such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans.
Creation- The act of creating the universe of the universes which has been created.
Envioment- The surrounding in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live.
Stewardship- Looking after something so that it can be passed on to the next generation.
Embryo- A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
Infertility- Not being able to have children.
Organ Transplantation- Is once you are no longer alive but your organs are, they can transfer them to someone who needs them.
Peace and Conflict
United Nations- An international body set up to promote world peaace and cooperation.
Reconciliation- Bringing people together who are opposed to eachother.
World peace- The ending of war throughout the whole world.
Conflict resolution- Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.
Just war theory- A war that is fought for the right reasons and in a right way.
Pacifism- The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
Absolute pacifism- No engagement in military activity at all.
Relative/selective pacifism- No engagement in military acitivity in certain circumstances.
Nuclear pacifism- No use of nuclear weapons.
Bullying- Intimidating/ frightening people weaker than you.
Respect- Treating a person or their feelings with consideration.
Fundamentalist- Is the literal word of god. So have to follow what is said.
Conscience- An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.
Concientious objector- This is when christians follow their conscience and believe fighting in wars to be wrong.
Situation ethics- The idea that christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.
Social change- The way in which society has changed and is changing lans also the possibility of change in the future.
Human rights- The rights and freedom to which everyone is entitles.
Decalogue- The ten commandments