Crime and Deviance- class

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Functionalism

Merton-Strain theory

Durkheim-Anomie, Meritocracy

Cohen-Status frustration

Cloward and Ohlin- Illegitimate opportunity structure

Miller-Focal concerns

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Marxism

Marx- Against capitalism

Chambliss-  Laws benefit the ruling class- vagrancy laws

Sutherland- White collar crime

Box-civil not criminal punishment for the upper class

Althusser-Ideological state apparatus

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Neo-marxism

Taylor, Walton and Young-Crime is a political response to inequality, through the media and other influences.

Willis- 12 Lads

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Subcultural

FUNCTIONALIST
Cohen, Cloward and Ohlin, Miller

MARXISM
Brake- magical solutions, Hebdige and Cohen

LEFT REALIST
Lea and Young- marginalisation and deprivation

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Ecological

Baldwin and Bottoms-Tipping

Shaw and McKay-Zones of transition, Social disorganisation, Cultural transmission,

Sutherland and Cressy-Differential association

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Interactionism

Becker-Labelling, Master status, Moral entrepeneurs

Social construction of crime

Cohen-Moral panics

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Feminism

Jackson-Ladettes

McRobbie-Bedroom culture

Walklate- Feminisation of poverty

Carlen-Rational choice

Chivalry thesis

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Right Realism/New Right

Wilson- Broken windows

Marsland-Welfare dependency

Charlesworth-Unemployed are depressed

Murray-Underclass

Clarke-Rational choice

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Left Realism

Lea and Young-Marginalisation, relative deprivation, subcultures.

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