Why do laws need to be just?
- If a law is unjust, people will feel that it is right to break the law.
- If some laws are unjust, people will think that all laws are unjust. They will think that the government is not doing their job.
- People will not obey the law and will campaign against it causing trouble in society
- People will think the legal system is not working and they may start a civil war.
Why do some Christians support Capital Punishment?
- The Bible gives the death penalty as punishment for some offences.
- Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England haven't cancelled their statements that Capital Punishment can be used by the state.
- Christian Church used Capital Punishment for heresy.
- St Thomas Aquinas said that the protection of society is more important than the reform of the criminal.
Why do some Christians oppose Capital Punishment?
- Jesus came to reform sinners, but you can't reform a dead person.
- Jesus said that an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth is wrong for Christians.
- Christianity teaches that all life is sacred (abortion and euthanasia are wrong, so is Captial Punishment).
- Most Christian Churches have made statements condemning Capital Punishment.
Why do most Muslims support Capital Punishment?
- Punishment by God in the Qur'an.
- Muhammed made statements agreeing with Capital Punishment for apostasy, adultery and murder.
- Muhammed sentenced people to death for murder.
- Shari'ah says that Capital Punishment is the punishment for apostasy, adultery and murder.
What are Non-Religious arguments in favour of Capi
- If people know they will die if they murder someone, it will put them off murdering.
- Murderers and terrorists threaten society. The best way to protect society is by taking away their lives.
- Human life is important. The value of life can only be shown by giving murderers the worst punishment (death).
- Retribution is a part of punishment. Only retribution for murder is the death penalty (an eye for an eye).
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the 4
Theories of Punishment?
- Retribution - makes criminals pay and suffer. It also actually punishes the criminal.
- Reform - the only way to stop crime and most criminals had a bad upbringing and they don't know how to live without crime. It gives criminals an education and qualifications.
- Protection - capital punishment works because you can't kill if you're dead. Long prison sentences keep criminals out of the society.
- Deterrance - thieves have hands cut off so they won't steal, and murderers will be executed so they don't murder.
What are Non-Religious arguments against Capital
- No court can be 100% sure that the verdict is correct. Wrongly convicted people can be released from prison, but not if they have been executed.
- Murderers regard life imprisonment as worse than death.
- Murderers who know they will be killed if caught are more likely to kill more people to avoid being caught.
- Statistics of people killing in countries without the death penalty are lower than in countries with it.
What are the 4 Theories of Punishment?
- Retribution - criminals should be punished.
- Reform - changing criminals so they don't commit crimes again.
- Protection - prevent society from criminals.
- Deterrance - put people off committing crimes
Why is justice important for Muslims?
- Qur'an says God is just so will reward and punish on the last day.
- Qur'an says all Muslims should treat people fairly.
- Part of their role as vice-gerents of God's creation to treat all people fairly.
- Unjust to charge interest (riba) as it takes money from the poor and gives it to the rich.
Why is justice important for Christians?
- Bible - God is just and will reward the righteous and punish those who sin.
- Bible - people should be treated fairly and God wants the world to be ruled justly.
- Jesus said the rich should share with the poor. Christians should treat people fairly and equally.
- World Council of Churches Assembly (Vancouver 1984) invited Christian communities to help the process of 'Justice, peace and the integrity of creation'
Why do some Muslims oppose Capital Punishment?
- recommended by the Qur'an, but not compulsory.
- Shari'ah says that the family of a murder victim can accept blood money from the murderer instead of death.
- Agree with the non-religious arguments against Capital Punishment (2)
What are the UK laws on Tobacco?
- Illegal to sell cigarettes, cigars, tobacco etc. to under 18's.
- All tobacco packs must have big health warnings and picture warnings about the effect of smoking.
- Adverts and sponsorship for tobacco is banned.
- Illegal to smoke indoor public places, workplaces, football grounds and all parts of railway stations.
What are the UK laws on Alcohol?
- Illegal to give an alcoholic drink to under 5's.
- Children under 16 can go into a pub but can't have alcoholic drinks.
- People aged 16 or 17 can drink beer, wine or cider with a meal, if bought and accompanied by an adult.
- Illegal for under 18s to buy alcohol anywhere.
What are the UK laws on Illegal Drugs?
It is an offence to:
- Possess a controlled substance with intent to supply or offer to supply a controlled drug.
- Possess a controlled substance unlawfully.
- Allow your premises to be used for drug taking.
controlled - class A, B or C drugs
What are the Health Problems caused by Tobacco?
- Smoking increases risk of more than 50 health conditions.
- Smoking causes various cancers, coronary heart disease; stroke, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
- In men, smoking can cause impotence.
- In pregnant women who smoke, their babies will have a lower birth weight, will be weaker and may not develop normally.
What are the Health Problems caused by Alcohol?
- If you drink heavily, you have an increased risk of developing serious health conditions - liver problems, stomach disorders, heart disease and some cancers.
- Heavy drinking can lead to addiction.
- About 1 in 7 deaths are caused by effects of drinking alcohol.
What are the Health Problems caused by Illegal
- Physical health of users can be damaged because of the toxic effects of a drug.
- Can cause death by infections, liver disease or intentional self harm.
- Heavy users often have psychiatric illnesses.
What are the Social Problems caused by Drugs and A
- 50% of fire deaths are caused by the effects of alcohol
- 70% of murder victims and 40% of **** offenders had been drinking at the time of the incident.
- 50% of sex abuse crimes are done by someone who abuses alcohol.
Illegal Drugs -
- High cost of heroin or cocaine habit forces users into a life of crime.
- All drug dealers are criminals, leads to violence between different gangs of suppliers.
What do all Christians believe about Illegal Drugs
- They are illegal and they abuse the body which is thought of as God's temple.
What do most Christians believe about Tobacco and
Alcohol and why?
- The first miracle that Jesus performed was turning water into wine at a wedding feast.
- Jesus uses bread and wine at the Last Supper and told the disciples to continue the tradition.
- Most Churches use alcoholic wine in their Communion services.
- St Paul said that Christians could drink in moderation.
What do some Christians believe about Tobacco and
Alcohol and why?
REFUSE (Salvation Army, Methodists, Pentecostals):
- Using tobacco and alcohol is abusing God's temple (their bodies).
- Bible passages warn against drunkenness.
- Bible teaches that consumption of alcohol damages judgement, inflames passions and invites violence.
- Many Christians are involved in working with alcoholics and want to support them by refusing alcohol.
What do all Muslims believe about Drugs and Alcoho
- Qur'an says that intoxicants are a way that Satan tries to keep people from God and from saying their prayers.
- Prophet Muhammed said that every intoxicant is forbidden to Muslims (khamr)
- Muslim lawyers say taking drugs or alcohol is a form of suicide (harming the body) and suicide is forbidden.
- Muhammed said that Muslims mustn't drink alcohol or have anything to do with the production and sale of alcohol.
What do Muslims believe about Tobacco and why?
HARAM - harms the body
MAKRUH (lawyers think this) - because it is not mentionned by the Qur'an or Muhammad.