- Created by: ProcrastinatingPanda
- Created on: 16-06-18 18:02
Chile - Basic Facts
- On 27th February 2010, an earthquake measuring 8.8 on the Richter scale hit the central coast of Chile.
- The cause was a destructive subduction plate boundary (the Nazca plate and the South American plate moving towards each other).
- The ground shook for more than 3 minutes.
- Tsunami waves raced across the Pacific Ocean at speeds of up to 800km an hour.
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Nepal - Basic Fats
- On 25th April 2015, an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale hit the north-west of the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu.
- It was caused by a destructive collision boundary (the Indo-Australian plate colliding with the Eurasian plate).
- The epicentre was around 80km/50 miles to the north-west of Kathmandu.
- The earthquake caused damage in Nepal, India, Tibet and Pakistan.
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Chile - Primary Effects
- 500 people died.
- 12,000 people were injured.
- 20,000 people were affected.
- 220,000 homes, 4500 schools, 53 ports and 56 hospitals were destroyed.
- The cost of the earthquake was around $30 billion.
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Nepal - Primary Effects
- 9,000 people died.
- 20,000 people were injured.
- 8 million people (over a 1/3 of Nepal's population) were affected.
- 3 million people were left homeless.
- 1.4 million people needed food, water and shelter for days and weeks after the earthquake.
- The cost of the earthquake was around $5 billion.
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Chile - Secondary Effects
- 1500km of roads were damaged.
- Several coastal towns were affected by tsunamis.
- A fire caused at a chemical plant near Santiago - the area was evacuated.
- Several Pacific countries hit by waves/tsunamis - though warning prevented loss of life.
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Nepal - Secondary Effects
- Avalanches on Mount Everest killed 19 people - the greatest number of deaths on the mountain in a single incident.
- Another avalanched caused 250 people to go missing.
- A landslide caused the blockage of a river 90 miles from Kathmandu, forcing an evacuation.
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Chile - Immediate Resopnses
- Emergency services acted swiftly.
- Power and water were restored within 10 days.
- A national appeal made $60 million, which helped to make emergency shelters.
- International help supplied field hospitals and satellite photos.
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Nepal - Immediate Responses
- Financial aid from many countries assisted with 500,000 tents for the homeless.
- Field hospitals were set up to support overcrowded hospitals.
- Search and rescue teams were sent from Uk, India and China.
- Helicopters rescued people caught in avalanches and social media was used in search and rescue operations.
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Chile - Long-Term Responses
- 1 month later, Chile's government launched a housing reconstruction operation.
- A strong economy based on copper exports could be rebuilt, without the need for much foreign aid.
- The President announced it could take 4 years for Chile to fully recover.
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Nepal - Long-Term Responses
- Thousands of homeless rehoused and damaged homes were repaired.
- The Red Cross gave blankets or cash grants to families who had lost their homes and winter clothing as winter approached in 2015.
- 700 schools were repaired.
- Tourism, a major source of income, was to be boosted.
- The Everest base camp was repaired and reopened 6 months later.
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