Chapter 6 PE

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Sports agencies at performance/elite level

UK Sport - distribute lottery money to elite

    - aim to increase international success

    - cash

EIS - English institute for sport

 - organises world class programme for sport

       - administration

UKSIcentres of excellence (hubs) e.g. Loughborough  

         - facilities

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Sport agencies at foundation/participation level

Sport England - advising, investing + promoting community sport

- distribute lottery money

- oversees county sports partnerships

Youth sports trust - all activities to do with the young

- specialist sports colleges, school sports partnerships, gifted + talented, swimming, step into sport, young ambassador

Home sports councils - county sports bodies - pathways

- schemes to increase participation at all levels

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Schools and Universities

Schools - foundation level/grassroots - provides sporting opportunities in a wide variety of sports

- extracurricular porvided to develop skills

- county and regional opportunities

Universities - opportunities to take sport of further - resouces + time

- increased level of competition 

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Pathways - school + club

School pathway: school - county - regional - national

- only 5% of school pupils involved in competitive sport

- 50% of olympic medal winners from private schools

- volunteer led, cost, time, post 16 drop off

Club pathway: junior club - senior club - elite club

- location dependant (convenience)

- access, time, parental support, cost

- support to do training above + beyond club time

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Open/closed loop sports

Open loop sports:

- higher skill level

- many variables

- e.g. rugby, team sports

Closed loop sports:

- lower skill level

- fewer variables

- e.g. running, swimming

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Physical literacy

Physical literacy in sport:

- competency in basic motor and sport specific skills

- enable athlete to later pursue other sports

- linked to lifelong sports participants and improved performance

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Talent ID

"The process of identifying sports talent in young people and providing supportive pathways that allow them to progress"

Develops: international success, more chance of winning medals national pride


- sporting giants (tall people with athletic potential in specific sports)

- sports search (finding potential talent)

- project swap shop (swap sports i.e. sprinting to bobsleigh)

- girls 4 gold 

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East Germany Talent ID

- post WW2 need for recognition

- wanted to show communism was better than capitalism

- screening of young (7 yr olds) - results analysed by national sports federation

- sport boarding schools - 2 hrs of academic + 6hrs of sport training

- brutal/drug use

- centres of excellence with coaches, physios etc

- East Germany legacy - drugs and brutal methods. West Germany did not copy

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Long Term Athlete Development

Pathways that introduce people into sport + Pathways that allow people to progress in their chosen sport based on individual maturation of the performer rather than chronological age

early specialisation: gymnastics, swimming, diving. late specialisation: Track and Field, team sports, rowing. 

Early specialisation: 1.Training to train 2. Training to compete 3. Training to win 4. Retirement & retainment 

Late specialisation: 1. FUNdamental 2. Learning to train 3. Training to train 4. Training to compete 5. Training to win 6. Retirement & retainment

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