- Created by: AimeePhelps
- Created on: 01-06-19 16:50
Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
All living things are made up of cells.
Cells can be either prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
Eukaryotic cells are complex and include all animal and plant cells. They are organisms made up of eukaryotic cells.
Prokaryotic cells are smaller and simpler, like bacteria. They are prokaryotic cells - or single-celled organisms.
Nucleus - contains genetic material that controls the activities of the cell.
Cytoplasm - gel-like substance where most of the chemical reactions happen. It contains enzymes that control these chemical reactions.
Cell membrane - holds the cell together and controls what goes in and out.
Mitochondria - where most of the reactions for aerobic respiration take place.
Ribosomes - where proteins are synthesised in the cell.
Cell wall - made of cellulose. It supports and strengthens the cell.
Permanent vacuole - contains cell sap, a weak solution of sugars and salts.
Chloroplasts - where photosynthesis occurs. Contain a green substance called chlorophyll, which absorbs the light needed for photosynthesis.
Single circular strand of DNA
Plasmids - small rings of DNA