Case studies

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Coca Cola: TNC

  • invented in 1886 by a pharmacist John Pemberton
  • No. 1 manufacturer of soft drinks in the world
  • serves over 1.7 million servings everyday
  • only 5 countries its not sold in; Cuba, Sudan, Iran, Burma and North Korea
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Uk- Globalisation impacts

  • one of the largest attractors of FDI
  • one of the largest investers in other countries 
  • only 71% employment due to TNC's moving away
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China- Globalisation impacts and NIC

  • 5th largest global trader
  • maufactures 1/2 of the worlds computers
  • maufactures 60% of bicycles
  • 1.3 billion people
  • due to one child policy growth has declined from 2.5% to 0.6%
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Mauritius: population explosion

  • 1860 sq km 
  • relies on sugar kane (90% of land and 25% of exports)
  • 1960's had a population of 500,000 that was set to reach 3 million in 2006
  • they have limited resourse and no room for expansion
  • Boserup vs Malthus
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Colorado river management

  • 1450 miles long
  • from Rocky mountains to Gulf of California
  • drainage basin in 7 US states and 2 Mexican
  • serves 36-40 million people
  • has 29 major dams including Hover dam
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mexico-USA migration

  • 350,000,000 crossings a year
  • 600 miles of fence constructed
  • some mexican villages lost 2/3 of inhabitants
  • criminal prosecutions increased by 39%
  • left very olf and young in mexic
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Population management: Kerala India

  • 1/2 of women in india can't read of write but in Kerala its 85%
  • contraceptive usage rose from 13% to 48% but still only 3% is the use of condoms
  • fertitlity rate more that halved
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France: under polulation

  • 65 million people (20 million less than germany)
  • Growth insentives: £1000 for having a 3rd child, 30% reduction on public transport, increased maternity to 6 months on full pay
  • popluation has grown since being introduced after ww1 to increase numbers of men lost in the war
  • but fertitily rates have now dropped
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Great Barrier Reef: National Park

  • streatches 2,300 km
  • 2,900 reefs
  • 1,500 species of fish
  • has 6 out of the 7 threatened turtals 
  • and 30 different mamal species
  • 1.6 million visiters a year
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Aberfan landslide (mass movement)

  • 21st October 1966
  • Wales
  • 40ft wave of slurry hit
  • 144 people died
  • small mining village
  • hit when children were at school 
  • 14000 tons of debris
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Galtur, Austria: Avalanche

  • 23rd February 1999
  • wave of snow reached 50m in height
  • 31 people died
  • hit at the height of the skiing season
  • low pressure, winds, build up of snow and sharpe landscape all helped cause it 
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Icelandic Ash cloud

  • 14th April 2010 erupted for the 2nd time in 2 months
  • cost Europe £10 million a day!
  • 100,000 flights cancelled- people stranded
  • biggest no fly zone ever
  • most volcanic place on earth
  • particles met the jet stream at the height of planes to europe
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1953 storm surge; Flooding Felixstowe

  • 31st of January, 11.30pm
  • no flood warning system
  • tidel surge of 3.2 m
  • sea levels rose 3 m
  • 300 people drowned 
  • 200,000 evacuated
  • 1/5 of felixstowe flooded
  • gale force winds, natural high tides and low pressure
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Haiti Earthquake

  • struck at 16:53 on Tuesday 12th January 2010
  • measured 7 on the richter scale
  • capital was 10 miles north west of the epicentre 
  • over 100,000 dead
  • 5000 prisoners escaped
  • focused 13km underground
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Montserat Volcanoe

  • 29th june 1997
  • langest lasting volcanic eruption
  • 9000 people dead
  • 2000m high clouds of ash
  • 2000 people left the island
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Sir Lanka: Rainforest management

  • 700 types of animal
  • 3000 species of plants
  • 60% of rainforest remains
  • 17 species of frog extinct
  • aims to restore 10,000 hectares of rain forest with a coridor linking Sinharaja and Kanneliya
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Bolivia: managing globalisation

  • south Americas poorest country
  • high levels of out migration
  • over 5 billion debt
  • methods:
  • resourse nationalisation; bolivia now own 85% of oil and gas
  • resourse conservation: sustainably forestry
  • trade agreements: eg exchage oil or soya for cuban doctors
  • taxation: increasing tax on FDI and TNC's
  • Land reform: giving back to farmers
  • focusing on litracy and health
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Bangladesh: Aid

  • gikhl 
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Bangladesh: Aid

  • half the size or Germany but has twice the popluation
  • Aid from Germany and UK
  • 70% of rural population has no access to electricity
  • 14000 new classrooms and 12000 teachers
  • 100000 farmers have improved access to markets
  • 14 million people have better acess to health car
  • raised more than 20000 flood prone homes
  • emergency aid from UN eg money, boats, blankets, food and water
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Taman Negara; eco tourism

  • world oldest rainforest (130 million years)
  • Longest canopy walk (510m)
  • biggest national park in Malaysia
  • over 250 species of birds
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Japan earthquake

  • marth 11th 2011
  • 8.9 on the Richter scale
  • biggest ever earthquake in Japan and 5th largest ever
  • nearly 16000 dead
  • waves reached 6 miles inland
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Boscastle: Flood

  • monday 16th August 2004
  • expotential amount of rain fell in 8 hours
  • almost identical event happened 52 years before onn North Devon Coast
  • no one died
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