Brandt line, what is it ?
The Brandt line is the line that seperates the LEDC's (Less Economically Developed Coutries) from the MEDC's ( More Economically Developed Countries.) It is also referred to as the North-South divide.The Brandt line is a visual deception of the North-South divide. It was proposed by a man named Willy Brandt the German Chancellor in the 1980's. It approximately encircles the world at a latitude of 30 degrees N. Passing between North and Central America, North of Africa and the Middle East, going across China, Mongolia and Korea. Going a little bit south so as to involve Australia and New Zealand in the 'Rich North.' It is the line that shows the wealthier courties and the poorer coutries. A.K.A the 'Rich North' and the 'Poor South.'
Why is an LEDC an LEDC?
What is a LEDC? A LEDC is a Less Economically Developed Country. A country that is poor, such as North Africa. WHy is and LEDC and LEDC? In most LEDC's the reason for the country being an LEDC is that the population is growing intimidatingly fast.Meaning that the economy cannot keep up. Most LEDC's are in stage 2 which means that the death rates are falling, due to improving care, and birth rates remain high.Reason for growing population:
- Not enough educative services on contraception and limited access to family planning services.
- Children can be a good source of labour income. From a young age children are allowed to work on the land, and as they grow older they can source income through other jobs.
- Children can help care for infants and elderly members of the family.
- High infant mortality rates (infant deaths ) means that the women of the family need to try and have as many children as possible so try and see as many of them to adulthood.