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Ionic Bonding

Ionic Bonding - Transferring Elections

In inoic bonding atoms lose or gain electrons, which forms a charged partical (called an ion) either possitivly or negatively charged.

Atoms what a full outter shell

so if they have 3 or less electrons in there outter shell - the atom gets ride of the electrons on there outter shell

so if they have 5 or more electrons in there outter shell - the atom gains electrons so they have a full outter shell

(http://chemactive.com/GCSE-Chemistry-Blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/ionic-bonding.png)

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Structure of an ionically Bonded ions

Atom structure:(http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/surfaces/scc/images/scat1_1a.gif)

An atomic structure is a regualr lattic arrangement (structure). Its a soft structure, its soft becuae the rows can slide over the other rows.

Ionic bonded structure:(http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/79adeab969839ce1f6e868e80d6cccf378fd0820.gif)(http://www.atomsinmotion.com/book/chapter4/rockSalt.png)

An Ionically bonded structure is a giant ionic lattice (regular lattice - structure). Ionically bonded (metle and a non-metal) is stronger and harder than a atom structure, because the rows can't slide over the other rows as theres another ions thats a different size, which stops the rows from slideing over the other rows.

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Covalent Bonded

Covalent bondeds accure non-metals and non-metals. The atoms share electrons so they have a full outter shell by shareing.

1) H2 & Cl2: H2 -One single bond  (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/11ba1955469e9a12e93e1b08d1ac2c5fdaaa7b46.gif)  Cl- One single bond(http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/8020a6ed0a536dbea47ca154ed932b6392ffb72f.gif)

2) CH4 - Four single bonds (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/758431753b7324e5e0d633830acf71db965358d0.gif) 3) NH3 - Three single bonds (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/b44b723c3e8c7d95fb927ac1bf56269c3c8bc454.gif)  

4) HCl - One single bond (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/54c0acdbd7a64c58a0d4cb6cf403f0db3909a605.gif)  5) O2 - One double bond (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/f81332272e2264487b8e7d37212575efb8bfbef7.gif)

6) H2O - Two single bonds (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/bdd7c0044c8cb249325cabd9eb190b204dcad6c6.gif)

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