Ionic Bonding - Transferring Elections
In inoic bonding atoms lose or gain electrons, which forms a charged partical (called an ion) either possitivly or negatively charged.
Atoms what a full outter shell
so if they have 3 or less electrons in there outter shell - the atom gets ride of the electrons on there outter shell
so if they have 5 or more electrons in there outter shell - the atom gains electrons so they have a full outter shell
Structure of an ionically Bonded ions
An atomic structure is a regualr lattic arrangement (structure). Its a soft structure, its soft becuae the rows can slide over the other rows.
Ionic bonded structure:
An Ionically bonded structure is a giant ionic lattice (regular lattice - structure). Ionically bonded (metle and a non-metal) is stronger and harder than a atom structure, because the rows can't slide over the other rows as theres another ions thats a different size, which stops the rows from slideing over the other rows.
Covalent bondeds accure non-metals and non-metals. The atoms share electrons so they have a full outter shell by shareing.
1) H2 & Cl2: H2 -One single bond Cl2 - One single bond
2) CH4 - Four single bonds 3) NH3 - Three single bonds
4) HCl - One single bond 5) O2 - One double bond
6) H2O - Two single bonds