Biology B2 Cells

The basics of cells 

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  • Created by: zoe3027
  • Created on: 26-11-12 18:40

Basics

Basics

  • The different parts of the cell are called organelle 
  • The main types of cell you will be asked about are; animal cells and plant cells 
  • They have many similar features, but plant cells have 3 individual features 
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Animal Cells

Animal Cells 

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  • Nucleus  - The nucleus controls the activities that occur within the cell 
  • Cell Membrane - The cell membrane controls what substances pass into and out of the cell 
  • Cytoplasm   - The cytoplasm is the jelly like substance where reactions occur
  • Mitochondria/on - Energy is released from the mitochondrion during respiration 
  • Ribosomes - This is where protein synthesis occurs 
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Plant Cells

  • Nucleus  - The nucleus controls the activities that occur within the cell 
  • Cell Membrane - The cell membrane controls what substances pass into and out of the cell 
  • Cytoplasm   - The cytoplasm is the jelly like substance where reactions occur
  • Mitochondria/on - Energy is released from the mitochondrion during respiration 
  • Ribosomes - This is where protein synthesis occurs 
  • Vacuole - This contains cell sap and helps give structure to the cell 
  • Choloroplasts - Contain chlorophyll, a green pigment, which absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis 
  • Cell Wall - Gives the cell structure 
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Differences

Differences 

Organelle shared by animal and plant cells 

  • Nucleus  - The nucleus controls the activities that occur within the cell 
  • Cell Membrane - The cell membrane controls what substances pass into and out of the cell 
  • Cytoplasm   - The cytoplasm is the jelly like substance where reactions occur
  • Mitochondria/on - Energy is released from the mitochondrion during respiration 
  • Ribosomes - This is where protein synthesis occurs 

Organelle individual to plant cells 

  • Vacuole- This contains cell sap and helps give structure to the cell 
  • Choloroplasts- Contain chlorophyll, a green pigment, which absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis 
  • Cell Wall- Gives the cell structure 
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