Animal Cells AND Plant cells:
Nucleus- contains genetic material, controls activites in cell
Cytoplasm- chemical processes take place, controlled by enzymes
Cell Membrane- control the movement of substances
Mitochondria- energy is released from respiration
ribosomes- protein synthesis happens here
Cell Wall- strengthens cell
Chloroplasts- contains chlorphyll which absorbs light for photosynthesis
Permanent Vacuole- filled with cell sap to help keep the cell turgid
Leaf Cells- Absorbs light energy for photosynthesis.Packed with chloroplast. Closely packed cells form a continous layer for efficent absoration of sunlight
Root Hair Cell- Absorbs water and mineral ions from the soil. Long with very thin wall, which gives a large surface area
Sperm Cell- Fertilises female gamete . Head contains genetic information and an enzyme to help penetrate the egg cell membrane. Middle section packed with mitochondria for energy. Tail moves sperm to egg.
Red Blood Cells- contains hameoglobin to carry oxygen to cells. Thin outer membrance to make oxygen diffuse easily. Shape increases surface area to allow more oxygen to be absorbed. NO NUCEUS.