Bandura ross and ross

  • Created by: Storm02
  • Created on: 12-05-19 01:00

Background and aim


  • Influenced by other reesearch of kids learning through observing others
  • Also interested in sex-appropriate behaviou and sex- appropriate reward


  • To see if children would immitate aggression role-played by an observed adult
  • To see if sex of role model and child would be a factor
  • As aggression seems to be related to male not female so were interested to see if gender effected aggression displayed.
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  • 36 girls, 36 boys. Aged between 37+69 months (3-6)
  • Stanford university nursery
  • Divided into 8 groups of 6 with a control group of 24 (did not observe a model)
  • Four per group were exposed to aggressive role model, 4 non aggressive role model
  • further divided into male and female who either observed male or female RM
  • All were allocated to conditions, and rated on aggression by experimentor and teacher
  • Female experimentor brought them into room and sat them at table to play w/toys
  • RM came in and played w/bobo doll in opposite corner, sayed aggressive terms e.g POW for 10 mins then left
  • Child taken to adjacent room w/non-aggressive toys and bobo doll for 20 mins
  • behaviour observed and recorded
  • recordings analysed at 5 second intervals
  • Recorded physical, verbal, aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour
  • also classified as imitative and non-imitative
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Results and conclusion


  • Children (either m or f) dislayed more aggressive behavious than control group or group w/ non aggressive role model, suggesting children imitate behaviou
  • also displayed non-immitative aggressive showing they thought of new ways of aggression
  • boys more likely to imitate same sex physical aggression than girls but girls more likely w/verbal aggression
  • girls= teaset and dolls, boys= toy guns


  • Children learn through observation in absence of reinforcemnt, provided evidence for SLT
  • children learn aggression from adult role model escpeially same sex
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Strengths and weaknesses


  • able to control experiment and use standardised procedure therefor its reliable
  • Children were matched in groups accoriding to their normal levels of aggression


  • Could not predict long term effects as they deliberatly exposed children to aggression, not protecting participants therefor ethical issues
  • Tested in unfamiliar enviornment and may have guessed researchers aims leading to demand characteristics
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