American West

HideShow resource information

How did the Sioux overcome the problems of living

PROBLEM

  • Finding food ----------- SOLUTION: Be nomadic
  • Climate Extremes ----------- SOLUTION: live in tipis
  • Wind ----------- SOLUTION: tipi design 
1 of 10

Living in tipis

  • Warm in winter/cool in summer (climate)
  • Easy to move (nomadic)
  • Made of buffalo skin
  • Strong design (wind)
2 of 10

How did the social structure of the tribes make th

  • Different bands would hunt together
  • Strong leadership from chiefs and councils
  • Clear roles for men and women
  • Survival skills taught early to children
  • Exposure
  • Polygamy
  • Punshiment of rule breakers 
3 of 10

'Manifest Destiny'

ONE OF THE FIRST PULL FACOTRS THAT ENCOURAGED WHITES TO MIGRATE TO THE WEST

  • Idea that whites had superior culture
  • Idea that God supported white mirgration
  • Idea that whites had duty to convert the savage indians
  • Idea that destiny of whites was to take over all of America 
4 of 10

Early Settlers (1840s/50s) Why did early settlers

PUSH FACTORS

  • Effects of economic depression (unemployment)
  • Overcorwding

PULL FACTORS

  • Cheap land 
  • Reports from ther West 
5 of 10

What problems did early settlers face on their jou

  • Crossing the plains (Indians, storms)
  • Crossing desert (water)
  • Crossing mountains (roads, snowstorms)
  • Crossing rivers
  • Lack of proper maps and routes

Why did the Donner Party meet disaster?

  • Left a month late
  • Had too little food
  • Mistakenly took short cut
  • Blizzards came early
6 of 10

What factors led to successful journeys to the Wes

  • Led by mountain men
  • Good stock of food
  • Spare parts
  • Safety in numbers
  • April departure
  • Sticking to known routes
7 of 10

Mormons - why was their journey to the Great Salt

Brigham Young's careful organisation (1846-7)

  • Pioneer band
  • Winter quarters (dividing the journey into two steps)
  • Rest camps
  • Division into groups led by captains and lieutenants
8 of 10

Why were the Mormons successful at Salt Lake City?

  • They found water (irrigation ditches from mountains)
  • They solved land problems (fair distribution, private ownership)
  • They attracted new settlers 

BUT

  • Failed to get full independence
  • Mormons schools were poor
9 of 10

Homesteaders - Why did they migrate onto plains?

  • Free land 
  • Transcontinental railroad
  • Overcrowding in the East
  • American Civil War
  • Reservations
10 of 10

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The American West 1840-1895 resources »