Alphabet Agencies

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AAA

First new deal

Paid farmers to produce less

Aimed to increase profits through higher prices

Over production ended

Seen as crazy to destroy crops whilst some were starving

Sharecroppers and tenants were evicted for new machinery

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CCC

First new deal

Gave work to unmaried en aged 18-25 whose parents were unemployed

Went to camps run by the army

2/3 of the wages were sent home

Planted trees, dug reservoirs, fished and built roads

Men often came from the cities

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TVA

First new deal

Built 21 dams to stop flooding

Flooding stopped - farming increased 

Cheap electricity produced by dams

93% of farms had electricity

Known as the 'pride of the new deal'

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NRA

First new deal

Employers and workers agreed on fair prices

Membership was voluntary

Members could used the Blue Eagle badge

Many refused to join and some violated the codes of practice

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PWA

First new deal

Skilled work

Created things of lasting use e.g hospitals

$7 billion spent employing skilled workers

1933-39 it built 70% of school, 35% of hospitals and a new sewage system in Chicago

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CWA

First new deal

Pointless work e.g. pidgeon scaring

Organised temporary unskilled work building schools etc.

Funding ran out in 1934

Employed 4 million over the winter of 1933-34

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FERA

First new deal

$500 million to help the homeless and starving

Money used to fund soup kitchens, provide clothing, nurseries, schools and employment schemes

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HOLC

First new deal

Loaned money at low rates to a million people to stop them from losing their home

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WPA

Second new deal

Help the unskilled unemployed

Built 11,000 schools, 70,000 km of roads

Employed photographers to make a record of the depression

Emplyed artists, painters and actors to cheer people up

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SSA

Second new deal

Pensions for the old, widowed and disabled

Payments for the sick and unemployed

First pay out on 1937 as the administrative system had to be put in place

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FSA

Second new deal

Gave loans to sharecroppers and tenant farmers to buy their own land

Helped those affected by the dust bowl

Set up camps to improve their living conditions

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SCA

Second new deal

Seen as a replacement for the AAA

Paid farmers who conserved their soil

Aimed to prevent the dust bowl from spreading and help re-farm it

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NLRA/WAGNER ACT

Second new deal

Workers allowed to join trade unions to campaign for better pay and conditions

Seen as a replacement for the NRA

Employers would now have to listen to their employees

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