• Created by: Milch
  • Created on: 21-01-20 19:26


What were the Reperations?

  • The Reperations were part of the "War Guilt" clause
  • Germany was forced to take blame for WW1 and had to pay for all the damage caused
  • Most German citizens highly disliked this

The cost

  • £6.6 billion GBP
  • or
  • $33 billion USD
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French jumping into the Ruhr

What happened?

  • Germany stated that they couldn't pay the repremands for 3 years
  • The French believed they could

So, What did the French do?

  • January 1923 the french put 60,000 soldiers into the Ruhr
  • Their aim was to extract money through production of the Ruhr
  • They occupied major resource and production sites

How did Germany respond?

  • The Weimar instructed the workers to strike instead of working
  • The result was that the income of Germany fell even further making repaying harder
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Passive Resistence

During the French occupation of the Ruhr : -

  • The Wiemar ordered workers to resist passively
  • The French killed 130 German citizens

What happened because of the collapse?

  • The world gave sympathy to Germany and the Dawes act was enacted
  • Germany could begin repaying the repremands
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Hyper Inflation

What cause the inflation?

  • The workers strike in the Ruhr had made the government print more money to pay the workers
  • Adding new money into the economy saw the inflation rate skyrocket

The inflation : -

  • In January 1923 a loaf costed 250 marks
  • In November 1923 a loaf costed 200,000,000 marks

How bad was this?

  • Many workers lost their jobs and become homeless and starving
  • The elderly income was fixed so they were greatly affected
  • Any savings in banks would become instantly worthless
  • A rise in crime as more and more people starved and become desperate
  • The German economy now was reliant on the Wall street

How was it fixed?

  • 1924 the Dawes plan was enacted bringing in a new currency (Rentenmark) which reset the economy
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Munich Putsch 1

What was it?

  • The Munich Putsch was an attempt by the Nazi party to overtake the government
  • Adolf Hitler was planning to use the Hyperinflation and the strikes in the Ruhr as leverage for his rebelion
  • However it fell short due to overconfidence and not enough planning

What were his ambitions

  • He had hoped that his revolution was to go similarly to the Benito Mussolini in Italy
  • He had hoped that he would be backed by Bavarian politicians and working class citizens

What had become of the failure?

  • The Nazi party was banned
  • Hitler couldn't speak publicly until 1927
  • Hitler was tried for High Treason and was scentenced to 5 years in prison however only served 8 months
  • He realised he must join the political race
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Munich Putsch 2


  • October 4th 1923
  • The strike was called off by Kahr and Lossow
  • November 8th 1923
  • Hitler and 600 SA brown shirts broke into the local beer hall where Kahr and Lossow were
  • They forced them to agree to rebel and then let them go
  • Someone escaped and alerted the police to the rebelion
  • November 9th 1923
  • Hitler and 3,000 SA brown shirts marched into munich
  • He had expected a triumphant entry
  • However the police and army were waiting for them
  • 16 dead SA and a complete failure
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