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What is the gender approach?
Focuses on explaining WHO WAS
ACCUSED of witchcraft ­ why was it mainly
women?
Lack of physical and political
women vulnerable because of power led to belief that they
their caring role in the family turned to witchcraft for
and community protection and revenge
Their diminishing value to
society and inability to fight
Stereotypes of women created by the
back
church ­ more susceptible to temptation,
morally and intellectually weaker than men…read more

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What is the gender approach?
Witch-hunting was
`women-hunting' or even `gendercide'
At least 75% of accusations of
witchcraft were made against women
­ could be as high as 95%+ in
`peripheral' regions
Witches were victims ­ innocents
executed for imaginary crimes
Witch hunting served a function for
men…read more

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Gender theories
A product of a patriarchal society
Radical feminists go further and place witch ­
hunting as part of a general historical trend
of misogyny…read more

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The Gender Approach
Analysis…read more

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What can a gender approach
explain?
It is clear that most witches were women ­
well above 80% in most communities so the
focus on WHY is an important one
It also can be used to reveal WHAT attitudes
towards women were like
The approach seeks to explain attitudes ­ at the
extreme, it was male misogyny, but others
have offered explanations along economic,
religious and political lines…read more

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