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Intro
· Victims play a crucial role in the criminal
justice process as they provide evidence and
act as witnesses in trials
· The two perspectives are:
­ Positivist and critical victimology
· The data is from:
­ Police + court statistics
­ The British Crime Survey
­ Local Victim Surveys…read more

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Patterns of victimisation
Age Younger people are at a greater
risk of being a victim
Ethnicity Minority ethnic groups are
more likely than white groups
Gender Males are more likely to be
victims of violent attacks whilst
females are more likely to be
victims of sexual or domestic
violence
Repeat Victimisation If you have been a victim once,
you are likely to be one again…read more

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Positivist Victimology
Miers identified 3 features of crime
­ There are factors which produce crime
patterns
­ Crime of violence are interpersonal victims
have contributed to their own victimisation
Wolfgang
­ Studied 588 homicides
­ 26% of victims triggered the events e.g. was
the first to use violence…read more

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Evaluating Positivist Victimology
· It can lead to the victim being blamed e.g. she
asked for it
· It ignores wider problems e.g. poverty
· It ignores situations e.g. environmental crimes
where the victim is unaware of the crime…read more

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Critical Victimology
· There are structural factors which cause crime
e.g. patriarchy and poverty
· The state has the power to label what is a crime
e.g. police not pressing charges in domestic
assault denies the wife of victim status…read more

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