Unit 1 | Law Making (AQA)

Unit 1, law making for AQA

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  • Created on: 26-04-12 13:22
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Law Making
Parliamentary law making
1. Pressure groups
There are 2 types of pressure group;
Sectional (interest group)
Cause (pressure group)
Type of pressure group Explanation Illustration
Sectional They exist to further the British Medical Association,
(Interest group) interests of a particular group Trade Union Congress, National
of people. Union of Teachers, Law Society.
Cause They exist to further a particular Jamie Oliver ­ school dinners
(Pressure group) idea. campaign ­ The Education
(Nutritional Standards for
School Food) (England)
Regulations 2006. The RSPCA
Animal Welfare Act 2006.
Advantages of pressure groups:
Raises public awareness
Keeps parliament in touch with what the public wants
Large numbers of people are usually involved. More so than in a political party
They have expertise (researched and committed to the cause)
Able to use a wide range of methods to promote their cause eg.
Social networks
Media attention
Disadvantages of pressure groups:
No guarantee for change (a large campaign doesn't always get results)
Campaigns can spill over into violence or criminal activity (animal rights)
Can be biased / narrow minded whereas the government have to balance their cause
Some groups have disproportionate influence (varying depending on wealth of people
involved or their organisation)
Therefore law may be changed although the campaign only represented a small minority

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Media Influence
Examples include:
Following the murder of Sarah Paine in 2000, a News of the World campaign began to name
and shame paedophiles. This led to the government passing a law requiring police to keep a
register of convicted paedophiles.
The murder of Stephen Laurence and the acquittal of the suspects led to a reform of the
`double jeopardy' rule. From April 2007 a suspect can be retried if new evidence has been
found.…read more

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Disadvantages of the Law Commission:
Suggests that lawyers have too much influence
Governments may not prioritise changing the law (lack of funding or political reasons) so law
change can be slow
Parliamentary Sovereignty
Parliamentary sovereignty means;
Parliaments power is unlimited in that it can make laws on any subject
The validity of parliament cannot be questioned
Eg. By the courts, church, monarchy etc.…read more

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The government was given 6 months to lift the ban on prisoner's rights to vote by the EU according
to conventional human rights. At present, the government have still not complied. (September 2011)
Scotland and Wales have power (to make domestic laws) devolved to them. Eg. The Scotland Act and
the government of Wales Act 1998 set up the Scottish parliament and the Welsh assembly.…read more

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Disadvantages of Parliamentary law making:
Undemocratic ­
Elements of Parliamentary law making are undemocratic in that the House of Lords is an unelected
body, as is the monarch but they both have `a say' in what legislation is passed. Civil Servants have a
large role in drafting Bills and they are also unaccountable to. The government can introduce Bills that
are not on its manifesto. Also they are only accountable to election once every 5 years.…read more


Smith E

Carefully presented, the real strength of this resource is how comprehensive it is. For example, the distinction between the two main types of pressure groups are drawn, and then illustrated through more than one example (e.g. BMA, RSPCA etc.). Nearly every point is supported by evidence, highlighting that a point, evidence and explain structure is invariably best for law essays. 


Excellent piece of resource

Really helped me in my revision and would definitely recommend it to others 

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