Treaty of Versailles

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Treaty of Versailles
Created in June 1919.
Signed in November 1919 ­ those who signed it were labelled as the "November
Great Britain, US and France:
Great Britain.
"We shall have to fight another war in 25 years time." ­ Lloyd George (Prime
Minister of Great Britain) talking about the Treaty of Versailles. Lloyd George
can be seen as a pragmatist. He was keen to uphold British National interest
and initially he played on the idea of revenge. However, he recognised that
there would have to be compromise. Lloyd George's main aims were:
To guarantee British military security ­ especially, to secure naval
To keep communism at bay.
To limit French demands because he feared that excessively
weakening Germany would have serious economic consequences for
the European economy.
"That we should have thus done a great wrong to civilization at one of the most
critical turning points in the history of the world is the more to be deplored
because every anxious year that has followed has made the exceeding need for
such services as we might have rendered more and more evident and more and
more pressing..." ­ Woodrow Wilson (President of the US) speaking in 1923. He
was traditionally portrayed as an idealist, as he had a strong religious
framework. Once he declared war against Germany in April 1917 he drew up
the Fourteen Points in the hope of creating a more just world. His aims were:
To bring about international disarmament.
To apply the principle of self-determination.
To create a League of Nations in order to maintain international peace.
Georges Clemenceau (Prime Minister of France) was an uncompromising French
Nationalist. He had been in power of France twice when Germany had invaded
and he was deeply influenced by the devastation from the war in northern
France. He was motivated by revenge and he was determined to gain financial
compensation and to satisfy France's security concerns. His main aims were:
To annex the Rhineland and to create a `buffer state.'
To impose the major disarmament of Germany.
To impose heavy reparations (£6600 million) in order to weaken Germany.

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To get recompense from the damage of the war in order to finance
The Terms of the Treaty of Versailles
Key question: Why did the German people hate the Treaty of Versailles of 1919?
Territorial losses suffered by Germany in Europe. Germany lost around 13% of its pre-1919 territory in
Europe under the Treaty.…read more

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Germany as the empire had been perceived as a sign of Germany's emergence as a
leading world power at the start of the twentieth century.
Reparations bill to be imposed on Germany was particularly resented by the German people; the
reparations payments (£6600 million) emanated from the inaccurate war guilt clause. The German
people deeply resented both the scale of the reparations payments and the longevity of them (they
would be payable for the next two generations).…read more


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