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1870 TO 1944
Compulsory education
had been a haphazard
It was overseen and
controlled by local
Generally boys and girls
were taught
Boys were trained in
technical skills and
girls in domestic
Socialisation to
obedience was the
norm…read more

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As the vote became equal to men and women, the
notion of equality in school came around with
Social democratic perspective society should be based
on justice and fairness; everyone should have an
equal chance to succeed.
Meritocratic society ­ give people equality of
Education had an important part to play in this
meritocracy: it is a device through which
individuals had equal chances to develop their
talents.…read more

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1944 TO 1965
At the end of the second
world war, it was found
that only sons and
daughters of m/c and
u/c families.
Social democratic thinkers
believed that social
inequalities could be
reduced by introducing
opportunities to the w/c
This dominated thinking in
1945-79 and returned
with the rise of new
labour.…read more

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· A system that was made to
judge children on a
meritocratic basis alone.
· Children of age 11 would be
given the 11+exam; the result Grammar
of the exam would be used to schools ­ 20%
determine which students
went to what level of school.
There were three results: Secondary
pass, low pass and fail. Technical ­ 5%
· The system was meant to
produce parity of esteem Secondary
which is = equal
opportunities however Modern ­ 75%
tended not to be. The middle
class were the only people
getting their children into the
grammar schools.…read more

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1. Only 2 of the 3 schools 3. Girls generally ended up
were available as it was in secondary modern
too expensive to equip schools more often. The
the secondary tech pass boundaries were
schools and so not many higher for girls as there
were built. were less girls' grammar
2. Once the 75% of the schools.
pupils attended the 4. It ended up separating
modern schools, they the w/c from the m/c.
would be locked out of Social class divide: 2/3
exams and any hope of od the children who
progress. There was no attended grammar
`parity of esteem'. schools were middle
class.…read more

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