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The Verification Principle
The Vienna Circle and the Verification Principle:

The Vienna Circle were a group of philosophers who were influenced by Ludwig
Wittgenstein, they first met after the First World War and continued to meet during the
1920s and the 1930s.

They followed the thinking of Auguste Comte in…

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Here Ayer does not just deny God's existence, he deny the possibility of God's existence
altogether on the grounds that there is no way of empirically verifying God's existence.
Ayer would disagree with all of the traditional arguments for the existence of God, as none
of them conclusively and empirically…

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Ayer also rejected any argument from religious experience. He accepted that people might
claim to have experiences of God, but he argues that a person, such as Paul, saying they
have seen God is recounting a set of emotions that are religious. He suggested that the
fact people have religious…

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unavoidable. One traveller believes that there is a Celestial City at the end of
the journey and view difficulties along the way as learning activities and good
events as gifts from the ruler of the Celestial City. The other traveller does not
believe that ther is a Celestial City. Tis…


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