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Psychodynamic approaches.


Our behaviour and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives, therefore all
behaviour is determined.
Personality is made up of three parts (i.e. tripartite). The id, ego and super-ego.
Adult behaviour and feelings are rooted in childhood experiences.
Behaviour is motivated by two instinctual drives: Eros (the…

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been frightened by a large penis'. Freud saw Hans' phobia as an expression of the Oedipus
complex. Horses, particularly horses with black harnesses, symbolized his father. Horses
were particularly suitable father-symbols because of their large penises. The fear began as
an Oedipal conflict was developing around Hans being allowed in…


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