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Slide 1

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The Ontological Argument…read more

Slide 2

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Key terms
Would demonstrate that `God exists' is true
A priori
Based upon reason, not empirical evidence
Not dependent upon experience but analysis to
reach a valid conclusion
Reductive as absurdum
Seek to prove things true by showing that the
opposite would be absurd…read more

Slide 3

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Ontological Argument
Seeks to prove existence of God from an
understanding of the God of Classical
So.......what is existence?
What do we mean by the God of Classical
Theism?…read more

Slide 4

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Ontological argument
Not one argument but a series of
Presented in particular by
Anselm 11th (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Descartes 17th C Famous French
Name `ontological' coined by Kant (18th C)
from `onton' or being (existence)…read more

Slide 5

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Anselm 11 C
Proslogion (Discourse on the Existence of God)
Not presented as a proof
A meditation/prayer on why he believes in God
Looks at not only whether God exists but the
attributes of God (Aquinas 13th C)
Some scholars suggest that there are two
versions of the argument in Proslogion (may be
just a 20th C interpretation…read more

Slide 6

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First part of the argument
Starts with a definition
God = that than which no greater can be
God therefore is the greatest possible
being that can be thought of, a being that
cannot be improved upon.
To think of a greater being means that
being is God…read more

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