First 325 words of the document:
The Kapp Putsch, 1920:
March 1920, Dr Wolfgang Kapp led 5000 Freikorps into Berlin.
The army refused to fire on the freikorps and it looked like Ebert's government was
The government was saved by the German people, who declared a general strike,
bringing the capital to a halt.
Kapp realised he couldn't win and left the country. He was hunted down, and died
It seemed the Weimar government did have support and power, however the rest of
the rebels went unpunished by the courts and judges.
The Munich Putsch, 1923:
In November 1923, Hitler thought it was time to destroy the Weimar government.
The government was preoccupied with the economic crisis (hyperinflation) and
Stresemann had called off Germany's passive resistance in the Ruhr.
On 8th November, Hitler hijacked a local government meeting joined by an old war
hero, Ludendorff, he announced he was taking over the government of Bavaria.
Nazi storm troopers began to take over official buildings
On 9th November government forces hit back:
-police rounded up the storm troopers and 16 Nazis were shot and killed
-Hitler escaped in a car (made him look weak but meant he wasn't killed)
-Ludendorff (the war hero) stayed to face the armed police.
In the short term, he Munich Putsch was a disaster for Hitler. He was arrested and
charged with treason, along with other leading Nazis.
However, in the trial Hitler gained enormous publicity for himself and his ideas and
every word was repeated in newspaper.
Hitler impressed the judges so much that he and his accomplices got off lightly.
Ludendorff was freed altogether and Hitler was only given 5 years (law said high
treason should get a life sentence) Hitler only served 9 months in great comfort in
Handsburg Castle (where he wrote Meine Kampf).