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The Design or teleological argument.

This argument is an `a posteriori' argument because it is based
on external evidence.
It is a special application of the cosmological argument.
Supporters of the argument see order and purpose in the universe
as a mark of design and conclude that God must be…

Page 2

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o His argument is called `Design qua regularity `
- Aquinas claims that many entities in nature act for an `
- Things in nature `act always or nearly in the same way'
o The order in nature brings about good results. Therefore, it
is beneficial order.

Aquinas concludes…

Page 3

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Similarly, even though human beings think for themselves and cause
things to be aimed at some goal or result, the reason why human beings
exist has to be explained, as human beings are not immortal and die.
Aquinas' key claim
Aquinas' key claim is that everything in the natural world…

Page 4

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Criticisms by John Stewart mill, Hume and challenges by

William Paley

The first part of his argument is design qua purpose and the
second part is design qua regularity.

Paley argued that the human eye was evidence of design and he
made a famous analogy of the watch.


Page 5

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Paley suggested that if you go for a walk and found a rock, you
could conclude that it had been there forever and you do not think
more about it.
Whereas if you found a watch, you could examine it
and find that it had moving parts which demonstrate


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