The Constitution Explained

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  • Created on: 15-05-14 09:02
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The Preamble to the Constitution
· This establishes the "Why?" of the Constitution
· Reflects the desire of the Framers to improve on the
government they already had (better then the Articles of
· Wanted to ensure that the government would be just, and
protect Americans from external and internal strife
· It would benefit the people, not only of the time but
Americans in the future
This establishes the first of the three branches of government- the
Section One: It is named Congress, and it is to be a bicameral
(two house) body.
Section Two: This defines the House of Representatives, the lower
house of Congress
· Establishes a 25 year old age limit
· Establishes that the people will elect them themselves every
two years
· The members of the House are divided among the states
proportionally, or according to size, giving more populous
states more representatives in the House.
Section Three: This defines the upper house, the Senate
· Establishes a 30 year old age limit
· Senators were originally appointed by the state legislatures,
but it was later changed
· They serve six years each
· Each state has equal suffrage in the Senate- each state has
the same number of Senators (2) regardless the size of the
· This also introduces the Vice President, who is the leader of
the Senate; and he does not vote unless there is a tie.
Section Four: This allows each state to have its own methods for
electing members of Congress and requires that Congress must
meet at least once per year.

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Section Five: This states that:
· a certain number of Congressmen must be present in order
to meet,
· and that there may be fines for members who do not show
· Members may also be expelled,
· each house must keep a journal of proceedings
· and neither house may adjourn without the other's consent.…read more

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No money can be taken from the treasury except by duly
passed law
· And no title of nobility, such as Prince and Marquis, will ever
be established by the government
Section Ten: This prohibits the states from:
· Making their own money
· Declare war
· Or do the actions Congress is prohibited from doing in
Section 9
· They cannot tax goods from other states
· Or have their own navies
This establishes the second branch of government- the executive
Section…read more

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To act as Head of State by receiving ambassadors and other
heads of stae
· To be sure the laws of the United |States are carried out
Section Four: Briefly discusses the removal of the President;
named impeachment.
This establishes the last branch of government, the Judiciary
Section One: This establishes the Supreme Court, the highest
court in the United States.…read more

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Section Four: This ensures a Republican form of government.
· In this sense, it refers to a "representative democracy",
which is opposed to a monarchical/aristocratic scheme- the
state derives its power from the people, not King/gentry)
· and guarantees that the federal government will protect the
states against invasion and insurrection
Details the method of amending or changing the Constitution.
Concerns the United States itself.…read more

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The Fifth Amendment: Protects people from being held for committing
a crime unless they are properly indicted, that they may not be tried
twice for the same crime, that you need be forced to testify against
yourself, and from property being taken without just compensation.
This also includes due process clauses.
6) The Sixth Amendment: Guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that
the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the
accused must have a lawyer.…read more

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The Nineteenth Amendment: This ensures that gender cannot be used
a criteria for voting (gives women the vote)
10) The Twentieth Amendment: This sets new start dates for the terms of
Congress and President, and clarifies how the deaths of Presidents
before swearing in would be handled
11) The Twenty First Amendment: Repealed the 18th Amendment.…read more


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