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QUESTIONS AND MARKS
Part a: 2 marks: take 2 minutes
Part b: 6 marks: take 7-8 minutes
Part c: 12 marks: take 15 minutes
Part a: describe- make point the one piece of specific
information
Part b: briefly explain- make 3 main points / supply
three reasons
-add supporting detail for each point that you make
(use precise information)
Part c: explain why- three reasons and how they
caused the event to happen
-explain 3 reasons
-prioritise reasons (most important and why?) and link
reasons.…read more

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TIME LINE
1945- ww2 ends, Yalta + Potsdam, USA A-bomb.
1947- Truman doctrine, Marshall aid.
`48-49- Berlin blockade/ airlift.
`49- USSR a-bomb, NATO, east/west Germany.
`52- USA H-bomb
'53- USSR H-bomb, Stalin dies.
'54- Khrushchev peaceful co-existence.
'55- Warsaw pact, Austria agreement.
'56- Poland changes, Hungarian uprising, Khrushchev versus Stalin.
'57- Sputnik, USSR ICBMs
'60- U2 incident, Paris peace summit.
'61- Berlin wall built.
'62- Cuban missile crisis.
'63-Hot line, test ban treaty.
'64- Khrushchev replaced by Brezhnev
'68- Warsaw pact forces sent into Czechoslovakia
'69- SALT talks.
'72- SALT 1- good but for set no. Of years.
'74- SALT 2- not ratified.
'75- Helsinki agreement- human rights.
'77- ABM restrictions treaty, MBFR- mutual balanced force reductions talk.
`79-89- Afghanistan.
'81- IRM talks, Ronald Regan US president, solidarity in Poland.
'82- START talks, star wars project.
`82-85- turmoil in Russian leadership.
'85- Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of USSR- Perestroika and Glasnost.
'87- INF treaty
'89- breakdown of eastern Bloc countries, fall of Berlin wall, Gorbachev and Bush declare end of the Cold war.
'90- free elections in Russia.…read more

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COLD WAR DEVELOPING.…read more

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SUPER POWER
Superpower is the name given to the USA and the
USSR after the second world war. It was based on
the geographical size, population, military might
and the part that they played in winning the
second world war.
They were easily the most powerful countries in
the world and possessed the technology to fight
an atomic war. They dominated world affairs
from the 1940's to the 1980's.
They led rival groups of countries in the world,
which represented different social and economic
systems.
Since the break-up of the soviet union, Russia
has no longer been considered a super power,
but since the 1970's, china has been added.…read more

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WHY DID RIVALRY DEVELOP
BETWEEN THE SUPERPOWERS
AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR?
Stalin did not trust the west and was determined to build a
buffer zone against further German attacks.
During the war soviet people suffered terribly, losing
26,000000 civilians. This made Stalin determined that this
should never happen again.
He remembered that the western allies had intervened in
the civil war and suspected they encouraged Hitler in the
1930's.
Berlin and France had turned down an offer of alliance
with the soviet union in 1938.
The allies had delayed invading France until 1944. this
made Stalin suspicious of the west. He believed they had
wanted the USSR to destroy itself fighting Germany on its
own.
In Feb 1945 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta in
southern USSR to plan the end of the second world war.…read more

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