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Cold War
Part B
The sudden ending of the Cold War in the 1980s:
Intro: In November 1982 the tensions of the Cold War seemed permanent and
if anything they had increased.
The USA had been under Reagan's presidency since 1981 and his more strident
attitude to the USSR had…

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The actions of the SU in Afghanistan and the decision of the USSR to deploy the
more accurate SS-20 nuclear missiles in Eastern Europe were used to support
Reagan's reasoning.
Defence spending increased by 13% in 1982 and new methods of deploying
nuclear weapons were developed, including Trident submarines.

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What made Reagan's approach more effective was the support he received from
Margaret Thatcher. The two leaders shaped the view of the USSR as the `evil
empire' and Thatcher was labelled by the SU as the `iron lady'. Her agreement to
allow US nuclear missiles to be based in Britain…

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attempts to forge a sense of national unity through sporting achievements had
produced lots of medals but also popular resentment at the privileges given to
athletes by the government.
Most East Germans adapted an attitude of resignation, making the most of life
under a regime they had little choice but…

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Reagan's election resulted in foreign policy changes. The soviet policy in the early
1980s grounded to a halt. No new initiative was possible from the soviet leadership
because of the nature of its leaders during this period.
A succession of old and inform leaders, sometimes referred to as a gerontocracy,…

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regimes costing $8 billion per annum. Supporting communist regimes in Cuba,
Vietnam and afghan had become a drain on soviet resources as it spent $40 billion
annually in propping up communist governments throughout the world and this
money could be used to promote domestic reforms.
Gorbachev concentrated on promoting the…

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The result of these polices led to a more critical approach towards communism, and
this encouraged reformers to push for further liberalisation. By 1988 `Gorby mania'
was sweeping much of Eastern Europe as those pushing for change called for
Gorbachev's ideas to be implemented in their own country. In 1989…

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General Jaruzelski suppressed the independent workers organisation Solidarity in
1981 and declared a state of martial law.
Despite the fact that solidarity was illegal, its support remained high due to a failure
of the government to solve economic problems. This support included endorsement
of the catholic church, reinforced by…

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With mass demonstrations on the streets of East German cities, the pressure for
reform was unstoppable.
The Chinese government had responded to demonstrating calling for reform using
force. The massacre of students in Tiananmen square had illustrated one methods of
dealing with the situation.
Krenz, the new East German leader,…

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unpopular communist governments, which were no longer crucial to its security and
were in danger of becoming a political embarrassment and a financial drain.
By the end of 1989 every pro-soviet communist government in Eastern Europe had

To what extent was the fall of the Berlin Wall a result…




These very detailed notes are an excellent way of enhancing knowledge of why the Cold War ended. They are well organised with clear headings and bullet points. Particularly useful for preparing for the Part B controversy question for Unit 3.



These notes are the best I have come across. They are very comprehensive yet condensed. Thank you so much for uploading this.

lidnsay Lohan :)


praper chilly x

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