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The Tudors
HENRY VIII 1509 ­ 1547

JH

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Henry VIII: The Start of a New Era
Henry VIII was the second son of Henry VII and became heir to the
throne upon Prince Arthur's death in 1502. The succession of Henry VII
and Henry VIII could not have been further apart. Henry VII endured
years of poverty in…

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This belief heavily influenced Henry's foreign policy.



After the death of Henry's mother in 1503, him and hi9s father
lived at court and Richmond with his own suite of rooms and 100
servants.
Henry was not well-prepared by his father for the day-to-day
responsibilities of Kingship.
Henry did show himself…

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Key aims:
I. Establish status amongst European monarchs
II. Re-establish role of nobility
III. Establish himself as a warrior via success in battle



Henry and Catherine married on 11 June 1509
During the early years Catherine had some influence over policy.
Brought England closer to Spain



Henry VII had stripped…

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Government and Parliament
Always happy to allow his council or chief minister to do
uninteresting political work for him.
Before 1530 little suggested that Henry's view of parliament
differed from that of his father.

Acts of parliament 1510 ­ 1547:



Parliament Date Act
#
1 Jan ­ Feb 1510 Council…

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9 Nov 1545 ­ Jan 1547 More extraordinary revenue



Wolsey as Chief Minister (1514 ­ 1529)
Time line of Wolsey's Rise to Power:



Date Event
1513 Dean of York
Bishop of Tourni (territory conquered in
France that year)
1514 Bishop of Lincoln
Arch Bishop of York (2nd highest position of…

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Court of Chancery became clogged up as justice was slow and it
had become too popular.

Court of Star Chamber became the center of both gov and
justice under Wolsey
From 1516 Wolsey tried to use the Court of Star Chamber to
increase cheap and fair justice.
Dealt with cases…

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In 1525 the extraordinary revenue raised for the invasion of
France was insufficient leaving Wolsey to introduce the
amicable grant.
- The grant was to be a freely given gift to the king from his
subjects, in reality it was a heavy tax levied without parliament
approval
The Amicable Grant…

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The Kings Great Matter
By the mid 1520's it had become clear that Catherine was unable
to provide Henry with a male heir.
Only one of their children, Princes Mary, had survived infancy
and Catherine had passed child bearing age.
Henry was desperate for male heir as a female monarch…

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Wolsey's popularity had plummeted in the second half of the
1520's
- Forced the subsidy through parliament and also imposed the
amicable grant without parliamentary approval.
4 November 1540 Wolsey arrested for praemunire he died
th

before trial on the 29th.

Domestic Policy under Cromwell (1532 ­ 1540)
After 2…

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