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Henry VIII: The Start of a New Era
Henry VIII was the second son of Henry VII and became heir to the
throne upon Prince Arthur's death in 1502. The succession of Henry VII
and Henry VIII could not have been further apart. Henry VII endured
years of poverty in exile, finally succeeding to the throne via luck
and military strength. Henry VIII, on the other hand succeeded
by inheritance and had known only wealth and luxury his whole
life.…read more

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This belief heavily influenced Henry's foreign policy.
After the death of Henry's mother in 1503, him and hi9s father
lived at court and Richmond with his own suite of rooms and 100
Henry was not well-prepared by his father for the day-to-day
responsibilities of Kingship.
Henry did show himself to be intellectually gifted with his
excellent memory for factual detail and his ability to analyse
and debate subjects such as religion.…read more

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Key aims:
I. Establish status amongst European monarchs
II. Re-establish role of nobility
III. Establish himself as a warrior via success in battle
Henry and Catherine married on 11 June 1509
During the early years Catherine had some influence over policy.
Brought England closer to Spain
Henry VII had stripped the nobility of most of its political
influence.…read more

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Government and Parliament
Always happy to allow his council or chief minister to do
uninteresting political work for him.
Before 1530 little suggested that Henry's view of parliament
differed from that of his father.
Acts of parliament 1510 ­ 1547:
Parliament Date Act
1 Jan ­ Feb 1510 Council Learned abolished
2 Feb 1512 ­ Mar 1514 Extraordinary revenue for invasion
of France and Scotland
Act restricting benefit of clergy
3 Feb 1515 ­ Dec 1515 Act restraining benefit of the clergy
renewed.…read more

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Nov 1545 ­ Jan 1547 More extraordinary revenue
Wolsey as Chief Minister (1514 ­ 1529)
Time line of Wolsey's Rise to Power:
Date Event
1513 Dean of York
Bishop of Tourni (territory conquered in
France that year)
1514 Bishop of Lincoln
Arch Bishop of York (2nd highest position of
church in England)
1515 Cardinal (appointed by Pope Leo X)
Lord Chancellor of Henry's Gov
1518 Appointed Papal Legate (allowed to deputise for
Pope and exercise papal powers)
It was always a priority of Wolsey's to…read more

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Court of Chancery became clogged up as justice was slow and it
had become too popular.
Court of Star Chamber became the center of both gov and
justice under Wolsey
From 1516 Wolsey tried to use the Court of Star Chamber to
increase cheap and fair justice.
Dealt with cases involving the misconduct of dominant figures in
- Nobles, gentry and local officials who abused their authority
Led to a Court of Committee that would deal with cases
involving the poor.…read more

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In 1525 the extraordinary revenue raised for the invasion of
France was insufficient leaving Wolsey to introduce the
amicable grant.
- The grant was to be a freely given gift to the king from his
subjects, in reality it was a heavy tax levied without parliament
The Amicable Grant almost led to full scale rebellion.…read more

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The Kings Great Matter
By the mid 1520's it had become clear that Catherine was unable
to provide Henry with a male heir.
Only one of their children, Princes Mary, had survived infancy
and Catherine had passed child bearing age.
Henry was desperate for male heir as a female monarch would
be a sign of weakness.
- He even considered legitimizing his bastard child Henry Fizroy
(son of his mistress). This plan was not likely to succeed.…read more

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Wolsey's popularity had plummeted in the second half of the
- Forced the subsidy through parliament and also imposed the
amicable grant without parliamentary approval.
4 November 1540 Wolsey arrested for praemunire he died
before trial on the 29th.…read more


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