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· Explain what is meant by cultural deprivation (2

· This is theory that many working-class and black children are inadequately socialised
and therefore lack the "right" culture needed for educational success. E.g. their parents
do not instil in them deferred gratification rather than immediate

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· Explain what is meant by the hidden curriculum (2

· The hidden curriculum is the things learnt without being formally taught and often
acquired simply through everyday workings of the school E.g. school uniform.

Page 4

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· Explain what is meant by meritocracy (2 marks)

· Meritocracy is where an educational or social system where everyone has an equal
opportunity to succeed and where individuals' rewards and status are achieved by their
own efforts rather than ascribed by their class or gender.

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· Explain what is meant by the term `Marketisation'
in education (2 marks)

· Marketisation in education is the policy of introducing market forces of supply and
demand into areas run by the state, such as private education.

Page 6

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· Explain what is meant by the term `vocational
education' (2 marks)

· Vocational education transmits skills, attitudes and training needed to pursue particular

Page 7

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6 marker questions
`Suggest three......
· Suggest three functions that education may perform ( 6

· Suggest three factors that may explain why girls often choose
to study different subjects to boys (6 marks)

· Suggest three policies that governments could introduce to
improve the educational achievement of boys…

Page 8

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`Outline some of the policies introduced by governments to
create an education market in the United Kingdom' (12 marks)

· Define education market
· Paragraph 1- 1988 Education Reform Act. Introduced formula
funding and open enrolment. Link back to the Q ­ how did this
create an education market?

Page 9

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