Sociology A2 Beliefs in Society - Topic 5: Religion in a global context

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rachael
  • Created on: 31-05-13 22:04
Preview of Sociology A2 Beliefs in Society - Topic 5: Religion in a global context

First 236 words of the document:

Topic 5: Religion in a global context
Religion and development
Hinduism and consumerism
Globalisation has created a large, education, urban middle class in India who are more religious
then `their uneducated counterparts'
This is a result of ambivalence surrounding their newfound wealth stemming from tension
between the Hindu belief of abstinence from wealth and the new prosperity
Modern holy men preach the message that wealth isn't bad but a sign of divinity
Reduces guilt by teaching that consumerism can be spiritually balanced by paying for rituals
Hindu ultra-nationalism
India's success is attributed to the superiority of Hindu views. View is encouraged by MPs and
Hindu ultra-nationalism: The worshipping of Hindu gods is the same as worshipping India
Hinduism has become a civil religion
State is increasingly influenced by Hinduism
Capitalism in East Asia
Spirit among the tiger economies is down to post-Confucian values which encouraged hard
work, discipline and frugality
It leads to economic productivity and the accumulation of capital
Pentecostalism in Latin America
Encourages capitalism in the same way as Calvinism did
Latin American Pentacostalists embraced a similar lifestyle and work ethic
However, religious ideas alone are not enough, natural resources are also needed
Religious fundamentalism
Fundamentalism and cosmopolitanism

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Topic 5: Religion in a global context
Fundamentalists: Traditionalists who seek to return to the fundamentals of their faith. They
believe in the literal truth of their sacred texts and believe that theirs is the only true view of the
Detest modernity but use it to spread their beliefs and ideas ­ internet etc.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Topic 5: Religion in a global context
o Confucian
o Japanese
o Hindu
o Slavic-Orthodox (Russia and Eastern Europe)
Religious differences are creating `us and them' relationships
Religious differences are harder to resolve as they are deeply rooted in culture and history
Predicts growing conflict between the West and the rest
Why have religious differences become an important source of identity?
Fall of communism
Casanova: Huntington ignores religious divisions within the civilisations
Chippendale: Clash f civilisations is a misleading Neo-conservative ideology that promotes…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »