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CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND IMMIGRATION
ACT 2008
States whether the force was reasonable:
1. That the person acting for a legitimate purpose may be able to
weigh to a nicety the exact measure of any necessary action.
2. That the evidence of a person's having only done what the
person honestly and instinctively thought was necessary for a
legitimate purpose constitutes strong evidence only
reasonable action was taken.
Palmer (1971) Set out the way reasonable force is explained, "A
person cannot weigh to a nicety the exact measure of his defensive action."…read more

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CRIMINAL LAW ACT 1967
(WHEN PREVENTING A CRIME)
"A person may use such force as is reasonable in the
circumstances in the prevention of crime."
1. Necessity of force. It depends on the circumstances
which exists or the D genuinely believe existed
(Gladstone Williams)
2. Reasonableness of force.…read more

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BIRD (1895)
Self-defence comes into place providing the attack is imminent.
D does not have to wait for an attack to start but can get in the
first blow.…read more

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ATTORNEY-GENERAL REFERENCE (1984)
It is not absolutely necessary that the D must be attacked
first.…read more

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COUSINS (1982)
It is not absolutely necessary that the D must be attacked first.…read more

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